Class 9th Biology Chapter 9 Transport

biology 9th notes Chapter No 9

1. The temperature causes to stop the transpiration is:

 
 
 
 

2. Guard cells belong to:

 
 
 
 

3. The percentage of inorganic salts and ions in the plasma is;

 
 
 
 

4. The function of platelets is;

 
 
 
 

5. Who discovered the pumping action of heart and the pathway of blood in major arteries and veins?

 
 
 
 

6. Which of the following chambers has the thickest walls in human heart?

 
 
 
 

7. The normal pH of the human blood is;

 
 
 
 

8. ABO blood group system was introduced by:

 
 
 
 

9. In normal adult human, the weight of heart is;

 
 
 
 

10. Number of leukocytes in man are;

 
 
 
 

11. Antibodies are produced by:

 
 
 
 

12. In most plants, the food is transported in the form of;           

 
 
 
 

13. Myocardium means:

 
 
 
 

14. Rate of transpiration depend upon:

 
 
 
 

15. In one heartbeat, diastole lasts about seconds;

 
 
 
 

16. Which of the following tissue layer is found in all blood vessels?

 
 
 
 

17. The force which carry the water upward is:

 
 
 
 

18. Most of transpiration occurs through:

 
 
 
 

19. The currently accepted hypothesis that explains the transport of food is;

 
 
 
 

20. A cubic millimeter blood of male contains RBCs;

 
 
 
 

21. This blood group is known as universal donor:

 
 
 
 

22. Transpiration rate does not depend on:

 
 
 
 

23. Transport of water and soluble materials from roots to aerial parts is done by;

 
 
 
 

24. Which of the following is a type of leukocyte?

 
 
 
 

25. What is the primary nutrient that provides quick useable energy for the body?

 
 
 
 

26. Weight percentage of dissolved substances in blood plasma is;

 
 
 
 

27. Hepatic artery supplies blood to the;

 
 
 
 

28. Blood without blood cells is called;  

 
 
 
 

29. The number of thrombocytes in man are;

 
 
 
 

30. Roughly 90percent of the water that enters a plant is lost via;

 
 
 
 

31. Angina pectoris is the type of pain in:

 
 
 
 

32. Following blood group individuals are called universal recipients:

 
 
 
 

33. Stomata open when guard cells:

 
 
 
 

34. In root hairs water is absorbed by:

 
 
 
 

35. The volume of blood in average adult body is:

 
 
 
 

36. Average life span of red blood cell is;

 
 
 
 

37. The death of the heart tissue is called;

 
 
 
 

38. “Lubb dubb” can be heard with the help of;

 
 
 
 

39. Which blood vessels carry deoxygenated blood?

 
 
 
 

40. Transpiration take place through:

 
 
 
 

41. Thalassaemia is also called;   

 
 
 
 

42. Which of these are responsible for blood clotting?

 
 
 
 

43. The universal recipient has antigens;

 
 
 
 

44. Which regulates the opening and closing of stomata?

 
 
 
 

Short Questions

1. According to the pressure flow mechanism what is the actual force behind the movement of food in the phloem?
2. Briefly describe the function of pericardial fluid.
3. Define agglutination.
4. Define artery. Which blood does it carry?
5. Define atrial systole.
6. Define Basophils.
7. Define blood group systems.
8. Define blood.
9. Define capillary. Give its functions.
10. Define cardiac cycle and heartbeat.
11. Define cohesion tension theory.
12. Define Diastole.
13. Define endoderm and pericycle.
14. Define leukocytes or white blood cells.
15. Define lymphocytes.
16. Define megakaryocytes.
17. Define monocytes.     
18. Define neutrophils.
19. Define pulmonary arteries.
20. Define pulmonary veins.
21. Define pulse.
22. Define stomatal transpiration.
23. Define transpiration. How does it take place?
24. Define transpirational pull.
25. Define veins. What blood do they carry?
26. Define ventricles.
27. Define venule.
28. Describe structure of granulocytes.
29. Describe the composition of plasma.
30. Describe the composition of platelets or thrombocytes.
31. Describe the effects of transpiration.
32. Describe the opening and closing of stomata.
33. Describe the process of coronary circulation.
34. Describe the structure of red blood cells (RBCs) or erythrocytes.
35. Describe types of semilunar valves.
36. Describe vascular tissues.
37. Differentiate between aorta and aortic arch.
38. Differentiate between atrial and ventricular systole.
39. Differentiate between blood groups AB and O OR universal donor and receiver.
40. Differentiate between pericardium and pericardial fluid.
41. Differentiate between source and sink.
42. Differentiate between superior and inferior vena cava.
43. Differentiate between tricuspid and bicuspid valves.
44. Enlist layers present in the artery.
45. Enlist proteins present in plasma and their role.
46. Enlist salts present in plasma
47. Enlist the functions of root.
48. Explain function of Haemoglobin.
49. Explain pulmonary and systemic circulation
50. Explain pulmonary pathway or circuit.
51. Explain the process of cross matching.       
52. Give composition of circulatory system.
53. Give the effect of humidity on transpiration.
54. Give the function WBCs.
55. Give the functions of xylem and phloem.
56. Give the harmful and beneficial aspects of transpiration.
57. Give the importance of water for plants.
58. Give the location and function of lenticels.
59. Give the objective of World Heart Day:
60. Give the role of albumin.
61. Give the role of anti-Rh antibody.
62. Give the role of K+ in opening of stomata.
63. How are soil bacteria and fungi beneficial for plants?
64. How do blood cells differ from other body cells?
65. How do we classify blood groups in terms of ABO Blood group system?
66. How does heart work as double pump?
67. How is plasma separated from blood
68. How is sound produced during heartbeat?
69. How is the plasma separated from blood?
70. How is water transported in plants?
71. How many human blood group systems are recognized by ISBT?
72. How many patients of thalassaemia are reported in world and in Pakistan?
73. How many people are obese and patients of hypertension and diabetes?
74. How many RBCs are formed and destroyed every second in a normal person?
75. How many times does the human heart beat?
76. How many types of cells are found in blood? Write the names of these.
77. How uptake of water and ions take place in plants.
78. How would you define transpiration?
79. How would you relate the internal structure of root with uptake of water and ions?
80. Name different types of leukaemia.
81. Name the major transport systems of human.
82. Patients bleed from nose, gums and under the skin in dengue fever. Give reason.
83. Transpiration is called a necessary evil; what does it mean?
84. Transpiration may be a harmful process. How?
85. Walls of left ventricle are thickest. Why?
86. What are Angioplasty and Bypass surgeries?
87. What are antigens? Write about antigen A & B.
88. What are atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis?
89. What are guard cells? How they control the opening and closing of stomata?
90. What are the causes of cardiovascular diseases?
91. What are the functions of roots?
92. What are thrombus and embolus?
93. What are universal donors and universal recipients?
94. What do you know about wilting?
95. What happens in dengue fever?
96. What is an atrium?     
97. What is angina pectoris?
98. What is bicuspid valve?
99. What is Dorsal aorta?
100. What is heart rate and pulse rate?
101. What is hepatic portal system?
102. What is leukaemia (blood cancer)?
103. What is meant by closed circulatory system?
104. what is meant by desiccation?
105. What is myocardial infarction?
106. What is pericardium?
107. What is pressure flow mechanism?
108. What is pus? How is it formed?
109. What is Rh Blood group system? Who discovered it?
110. What is silent heart attack? 
111. What is systemic circulation? 
112. What is the function of Albumin proteins?
113. What is the function of blood circulatory system?
114. What is the function of lymphocytes T?
115. What is the importance of root hairs?
116. What is the normal pH of human blood?
117. What is the treatment of thalassaemia?
118. What is vascular surgery?
119. What role do root hairs play in life of plants?
120. When does world celebrate the International Thalassaemia Day? What is its purpose?
121. Which diseases can pass from affected blood donor?
122. Which scientists played the role in the discovery of blood circulation in blood vessels?
123. Why AB blood group individuals are called universal recipients?
124. Why are O blood group individuals called universal donors?
125. Why are the cells regarded as units of life?
126. Why do some plants open their stomata during night?
127. Why is heart felt to be on left side of our body?
128. Why is the blood in pulmonary circulation at lower pressure than the blood in systemic circulation?
129. Writ the name of any two plasma proteins.         
130. Write blood groups of human blood.
131. Write the function of basophils.
132. Write the function of neutrophils.
133. Write the role of capillaries in human circulatory system. 
134. Write the symptoms of dengue fever.

 

Long Questions

1. Briefly explain about blood plasma.
2. Compare the structure and function of an artery, a vein and a capillary.
3. Define transpiration and explain the factors effecting on the rate of transpiration.
4. Define transpiration and relate it with cell surface and with stomatal opening and closing.
5. Define white blood cells. Also describe their types in details.
6. Describe the factors affecting the rate of transpiration.
7. Describe the mechanism of opening and closing of stomata.
8. Describe the significance of transpiration.
9. Describe the structure and function of human heart in detail.
10. Describe the theory of pressure flow mechanism to explain the translocation of food in plants.
11. Describe transport of food in plants.
12. Describe transport of water in plants.
13. Discuss cardiovascular disorders.
14. Draw diagrams which can illustrate the areas and locations of the main veins in human blood circulatory system.
15. Draw diagrams which can illustrate the origins, locations and target areas of the main arteries in human blood circulatory system.
16. Explain human heart with diagram.
17. Explain leukocytes.
18. Explain pulmonary and systemic circulation.
19. Explain the guard cells control the opening and closing of stomata.
20. Explain the movement of water in terms of transpirational pull.
21. How blood is classified into groups? Discuss ABO blood group system.
22. How do different factors affect the rate of transpiration?
23. How do we classify blood groups in terms of the ABO and the Rh blood group systems?
24. How many type of blood vessels are there? Explain.
25. How transport of water takes place in plants?
26. How water and other ions are taken up from roots to other parts of plant?
27. How would you differentiate between atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis?
28. How would you relate the internal structure of root with the uptake of water and salts?
29. List the functions of the components of blood.
30. State the causes, treatments and prevention of myocardial infarction.
31. State the signs and symptoms, causes and treatments of leukemia and thallassemia.
32. Transpiration is a necessary evil. Give comments.
33. What are four chambers of human heart? How blood flow through them?
34. What do you know about blood groups? Explain Rh blood group system
35. What four chambers make the human heart and how blood flows through these chambers?
36. Where red blood cells are formed in human? Briefly describe their structure and function.
37. Write a note of Vitamin D.
38. Write a note on ABO blood group system.
39. Write a note on arterial system of man.
40. Write a note on blood disorders.
41. Write a note on blood vessels.
42. Write a note on blood.
43. Write a note on cardiovascular disorders.
44. Write a note on heart rate and pulse rate.
45. Write a note on heartbeat.
46. Write a note on heartbeat.
47. Write a note on Myocardial infraction.
48. Write a note on pulmonary and systemic circulation
49. Write a note on Rh Blood group system.
50. Write a note on transpiration.
51. Write a note on transport of food in plants.
52. Write a note on venous system of man.
53. Write a note on venous system.
54. Write Arterial system’s plan of human blood circulatory system.
55. Write down detailed note on the blood disorders.

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