Class 10th Biology Chapter 14 Reproduction MCQs Short Long Notes

biology 10th notes Chapter 14

1. Which of the followings are produced by tubers?  

 
 
 
 

2. Potatoes and yams are reproduced by ;

 
 
 
 

3. Hypo-geal germination can be seen in:  

 
 
 
 

4. Each spore is covered with a thick wall called:  

 
 
 
 

5. Sepals are individual units of:  

 
 
 
 

6. The endosperm tissue in the angiosperms consists of

 
 
 
 

7. Asexual reproduction occurs through spore formation in

 
 
 
 

8. Which one of the following statement is FALSE about vegetative propagation of plants?  

 
 
 
 

9. Yeast is a

 
 
 
 

10. The units of and roecium are:  

 
 
 
 

11. Spore formation is generally seen in:  

 
 
 
 

12. Which gas is essential for the respiration in the cells of embryo?

 
 
 
 

13. Internal fertilization is common in

 
 
 
 

14. In many seeds, the food of endosperm is absorbed and stored by:  

 
 
 
 

15. Which one of the following statement is FALSE about micropyle?

 
 
 
 

16. Spores formation-also occur in:  

 
 
 
 

17. In which parts of flower does meiosis occur?

 
 
 
 

18. A process in which transfer of pollen grains from the flower on one plant to the flower on other plant of same species:  

 
 
 
 

19. Male reproductive part of flower is:  

 
 
 
 

20. Examples of suckers are

 
 
 
 

21. Inside the female gametophyte, sperm fuses-with:

 
 
 
 

22. Tissue culture:

 
 
 
 

23. Production of gametes and their fusion is known as:  

 
 
 
 

24. Grasses, hazel, willow are examples of:  

 
 
 
 

25. Which structure of seed absorbs water during the process of its germination?

 
 
 
 

26. ovule becomes seed and ovary changes into:  

 
 
 
 

27. In sporophyte generation, reproductive structure is:  

 
 
 
 

28. External fertilization occurs mostly in

 
 
 
 

29. Function of seed coat is:    

 
 
 
 

30. Which is the first structure that emerges from the radicle present in seed

 
 
 
 

31. What type of cell division occurs in sexual reproduction

 
 
 
 

32. Dasheen and garlic reproduce by

 
 
 
 

33. The type of reproduction in which fusion of gametes take place is called:

 
 
 
 

34. Plants bearing seedless fruits can be grown only by:  

 
 
 
 

35. Find, which unicellular organism reproduce by budding and form colonies?

 
 
 
 

36. On basis of elongation of hypocotyl and epicotyl there are:  

 
 
 
 

37. The female gametophyte of angiosperms consists of

 
 
 
 

38. Which of the followings reproduce by means of parthenogenesis

 
 
 
 

39. Which is the pathway taken by a pollen tube after pollination of a flower?

 
 
 
 

40. Following are the common asexual methods of reproduction except

 
 
 
 

41. Which one of the following animals does not reproduce by means of budding?

 
 
 
 

42. Which is not an example insect pollinated flower?

 
 
 
 

43. Calyx is:  

 
 
 
 

44. Which one of the followings is correct sequence of underground stem for vegetative propagation?   

 
 
 
 

45. Certain worms grow to full size, they spontaneously break up into:

 
 
 
 

46. Grafting is used to propagate:  

 
 
 
 

47. Double fertilization is a special process found in

 
 
 
 

48. Wind pollinated flowers are:  

 
 
 
 

49. In parthenogenesis

 
 
 
 

50. The artificial vegetative propagation has been very beneficial on:

 
 
 
 

51. In plants meiosis takes place

 
 
 
 

52. Fertilization may be

 
 
 
 

53. Androecium is:

 
 
 
 

54. Which part of carpel receives pollen grains during pollination

 
 
 
 

55. The binary fission method occurs in:  

 
 
 
 

56. By parthenogenesis, many eggs remain:  

 
 
 
 

57. Which statement is FALSE about adaptation in insect pollinated flowers?  

 
 
 
 

58. Which of the following are not agencies of cross pollination?  

 
 
 
 

59. Spermatogenesis takes place in

 
 
 
 

60. Fourth whorl of flower is:  

 
 
 
 

61. The third whorl of a flower is

 
 
 
 

62. The ability of organisms to produce young ones of their own kind to maintain the species is called

 
 
 
 

63. What is the correct sequence of whorl in a flower?

 
 
 
 

64. The example of wind pollinated flowers is:  

 
 
 
 

65. Stem tubers are:  

 
 
 
 

66. One sperm fuses with egg and formsa:  

 
 
 
 

67. When Rhizopus reaches reproductive age, its body cellsnform thick walled‘&spore sacs called:  

 
 
 
 

68. Which one of the following reproduce asexually through binary fission?

 
 
 
 

69. Farmers and gardeners‘ use artificial methods of vegetative propagation to:

 
 
 
 

70. Example of insect pollinated flowers is:  

 
 
 
 

71. Which one of the following statement is correct about calyx?

 
 
 
 

72. A Which of the following is not a form of asexual reproduction?

 
 
 
 

73. Each carpel is made up of:  

 
 
 
 

74. Examples of parthenogenesis in animals except

 
 
 
 

75. If seeds get suitable conditions:  

 
 
 
 

76. Binary fission is a type of:  

 
 
 
 

77. The embryo forms from:  

 
 
 
 

78. ln yeast, parent cell may form

 
 
 
 

79. A scar on seed coat is known as:  

 
 
 
 

80. What is the optimum range of temperature for the germination of seeds?

 
 
 
 

81. Clostridium and bacillus species are:  

 
 
 
 

82. Formationof triploid nucleus is called:  

 
 
 
 

83. A  process in which genetic material of one generation is transmitted to next is known as:

 
 
 
 

84. Which one of the following is not an artificial method of asexual reproduction

 
 
 
 

85. FIND the FALSE statement about flower?   

 
 
 
 

86. The units of gynoeeium are:  

 
 
 
 

87. Under unfavorable conditions, amoebae form hard walls around them is

 
 
 
 

88. A type of asexual reproduction, binary fission is common in:

 
 
 
 

89. In spore formation one of cells enlarges and form:  

 
 
 
 

90. Which of the followings follow epigeal germination?

 
 
 
 

91. Which of the following are agents of pollination?  

 
 
 
 

92. Which method is a latest method of vegatative propagation

 
 
 
 

93. The type of asexual reproduction that occurs in hydra is

 
 
 
 

94. FIND the FALSE statement about dormant seeds?

 
 
 
 

95. An individual can live without reproducing, but species cannot survive without

 
 
 
 

96. Binary fission is seen in:  

 
 
 
 

97. Which does not belong to stamen

 
 
 
 

98. Which of the followings are seed plants?

 
 
 
 

99. Oogenesis takes place in

 
 
 
 

100. After fertilization, which structure develops into the seed of a flowering plant?

 
 
 
 

101. In plants, the spore develops into

 
 
 
 

102. What is the sequence of units in flower?  

 
 
 
 

103. In dormancy, most seeds go through a period during which:

 
 
 
 

104. ovule develops into:

 
 
 
 

105. Ginger ferns and water lilies reproduce by:  

 
 
 
 

106. Angiosperm seeds consist of:  

 
 
 
 

107. Transfer of pollen grains from flowers anther to stigma is known as:

 
 
 
 

108. The process which leads to the union of gametes is known as

 
 
 
 

109. Which does not belong to carpel?

 
 
 
 

110. Which one of the followings is propagated by stem cutting?

 
 
 
 

111. Which statement is FALSE about angiosperms and gymno sperms

 
 
 
 

112. Which one of the followings is an example of seedless fruit?  

 
 
 
 

113. Asexual reproduction has  

 
 
 
 

114. What type of cell division occurs in asexual reproduction

 
 
 
 

115. Vegetative propagation in Bryophyllum is by:  

 
 
 
 

116. During binary fission in unicellular eukaryotes, the nucleus  of parent organism:

 
 
 
 

117. Reproduction is essential for the

 
 
 
 

118. Buds do not detach from the parent body in:

 
 
 
 

119. Individual units of corolla are:  

 
 
 
 

120. The principal adaptations for insect attraction are

 
 
 
 

121. Micro-propagation uses only a:  

 
 
 
 

122. Pollen sacs contain

 
 
 
 

123. in stem tubers  there are aggregation of tiny buds in form of:

 
 
 
 

124. The development of egg without fertilization is called

 
 
 
 

125. FIND the examples of bulbs?

 
 
 
 

126. Sweet potato?  

 
 
 
 

127. lf a planarian breaks into-many pieces, instead of two, it will also be called as:

 
 
 
 

128. Female reproductive part of a plant is:  

 
 
 
 

Short Questions

1. Define alternation of generation.
2. Define budding. Give examples.
3. Define cervix?  
4. Define cloning?  
5. Define double fertilization?  
6. Define fertilization?  
7. Define fragmentation?  
8. Define gametophyte generation?  
9. Define oogenesis
10. Define parthenogenesis
11. Define pollination. State the types of pollination. 
12. Define pollination?  
13. Define reproduction?
14. Define seminiferous tubules?  
15. Define sexual transmitted diseases  (STDs)
16. Define spermatogenesis
17. Define sporangium.
18. Define sporophyte generation‘?  
19. Define suckers?  
20. Define vegetative propagation?  
21. Describe the budding in hydra
22. Describe, briefly budding in yeast?  
23. Differentiate between epicotyl and hypocotyl.
24. Differentiate sporophyte generation and gametophyte generation‘?  
25. Distinguish between external and internal fertilization.
26. Enlist the problems which are associated with human over population?
27. Enlist, the natural ways of vegetative propagation?  
28. Give any three advantages of artificial vegetative propagation?
29. How binary fission in unicellular eukaryotes takes place?
30. How colonies of individuals are formed in budding?  
31. How corals form big colonies?  
32. How does propagation occur in sweet potato?  
33. How does queen honey bee reproduce by parthenogenesis?
34. How fragmentation takes place in a tiny worm?  
35. How many NGOs are working in Pakistan for HIV/AlDS_A public awareness?  
36. How many types of fission are there?
37. How roots and shoots are formed in rhizomes?  
38. How sperms reach from collecting ducts to sperm duct?
39. In which month, male rabbits are commonly sterile?  
40. In which process genetic material is transferred one generation to the next?  
41. Name the animals that reproduce externally?  
42. Name the animals which reproduce by means of budding?  
43. Name the animals, who reproduce by means of parthenogenesis
44. Name the bacteria in which spore formation occurs?
45. Name the examples of bulbs
46. Name the most common methods of artificial vegetative -propagation?
47. Name the outermost whorl of flower and its units and function‘?
48. name the plants which reproduce by sucker?  
49. name the plants, which are propagated by stem cutting?
50. Name the types of fertilization?  
51. name the types of pollinatioin? 
52. Parthenogenesis is a type of asexual reproduction”. Give comments on this statement.
53. The embryo formed-from zygote‘
54. The endosperm tissue formed from endosperm nucleus
55. The seed coat which develops from the wall of ovule
56. What are corms? Give examples
57. What are endopsores?
58. What are follicles?  
59. What are horns?  
60. What are the bacterial spores‘?  
61. What are the bulbs?  
62. What are the main types of reproduction?
63. What are the most common methods of artificial vegetative propagation in flowering plants?
64. What are the vegetative parts of the plant?  
65. What are three distinct parts of angiosperms?
66. What do you know about binary fission? 
67. What do you know about budding?  
68. what do you know about cutting?  
69. What do you know about endosperm?
70. What do you know about the tissue culture technique?  
71. What do you know‘ about sexual reproduction in plants?  
72. What does AIDS stand for?  
73. What does reproduction ensure?  
74. What is alternation of generation?  
75. What is asexual reproduction?  
76. What is binary fission?
77. What is cloning?
78. What is cyst?  
79. What is fragmentation?
80. What is grafting?  
81. What is hilum?
82. what is meant by multiple fission?
83. What is meant by over-population?  
84. What is meant by parthenocarpy?  
85. What is meant by sexual reproduction?  
86. What is micro propagation?  
87. What is multiple fission?
88. What is placenta‘?  
89. What is scrotum?  
90. What is semen?  
91. What is the difference between internal and external fertilization?
92. What is the difference between’ prostate gland and cowper’s gland?  
93. What is the function of seminal vesicles?
94. What is the location of testes in rabbit?  
95. What is the name of the asexual reproduction in which the egg cell forms new individual without fertilization?
96. What is the role of flower in sporophyte generation?  
97. What is the significance of grafting?
98. what is the   disadvantage  of artificial vegetative propagation?  
99. Where does fallopian tube lie?  
100. Which part of ovary produces egg cells?
101. Which plants can be grown only by artificial vegetative propagation?  
102. Which technique is applied on cloning
103. which vegetative propagation method is seen in Bryophyllum?  
104. Which virus causesvAIDS?  
105. Why animals have to release great number of gametes in external  fertilization‘?  
106. Why does‘ each generation produce more offspring for next generation?
107. Why gardeners and farmers use artificial methods of vegetative propagation?
108. Write down the difference between the outer two whorls of flower and  inner two whorls?
109. Write down the examples of wind pollinated flowers and insect pollinated flowers?  
110. Write down the importance of artificial vegetative propagation?
111. Write down the importance of reproduction?  
112. Write down the location of ovaries in female rabbit?
113. Write the names of major plant groups

Long Questions

1. Define budding in animals. Also mention example.
2. Define female reproductive system in rabbits.
3. Define fragmentation in animals. Also mention example.
4. Define male reproductive system in rabbits.
5. Define sexual transmitted disease and give one example.
6. Describe asexual reproduction by spore formation.
7. Describe the alternation of generation in a flowering plant.
8. Explain gametogenesis.
9. Explain the different plant structures modified for vegetative propagation.
10. How are seeds produced? What is the structure of a seed?
11. What are the asexual reproduction in animals?
12. What are the different types of asexual reproduction?
13. Write a comprehensive note in seed germination and its types.
14. Write a note on artificial vegetative propagation in plants.
15. Write a note on binary fission.
16. Write a note on budding.
17. Write a note on parthenogenesis in animals.
18. Write a note on reproduction and its types.

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