Class 10th Biology Chapter 12 Coordination and Control MCQs Short Long Notes

biology 10th notes Chapter 12

1. It contains sensory areas that receive impulses from skin;


2. It is not the part of inner ear;


3. Who described 130 diseases of eye?


4. Which hormone stimulates the secretion of gastric juice?


5. Functional disorder of nervous system is:


6. Lobe concerned with senses of hearing and smell is:


7. Which organ act as a coordinator in a chemical condition?


8. Female secondary sex characters are controlled by:


9. Hormone increasing the level of calcium in the blood is:


10. It is responsible for chemical coordination.


11. Body synthesis rhodopsin from vitamin:


12. Which one controls the secretions of Pituitary gland?


13. Which hormone is secreted in case of emergency situation?


14. Non-myelinated points between the myelin on an axon are:  


15. Rods and Cones are present in:


16. Which hormone causes an increase in the amount of sugar in the blood?


17. Which endocrine gland is regarded as a master gland?


18. If a problem exists in the medulla oblongata of brain which function of body will be affected?


19. Disease caused by deficiency of iodine in food is called: 


20. Which part of human eye contains blood vessels?


21. In reflex action (sudden withdrawal of hand after touching a hot object) it acts as coordinator;


22. Neurons in which direction of nerve impulse is towards brain and spinal cord are called;


23. Vascular disorder of nervous system is:


24. The nervous system consists of billions of neurons and;


25. The smallest bone of human body is;


26. Auditory canal ends in:


27. The part of brain that coordinates muscle movements:


28. How many pairs of spinal nerves are in human being?


29. Cranial nerves are called


30. In every 100ml of human blood, concentration of glucose is maintained at: 


31. Which hormone causes contraction of uterus at the time of birth?


32. A connection between cerebellum and spinal cord is:


33. In unicellular organisms, co-ordination is brought about by:   


34. The outer most layer of human eye consists of:


35. Sensation of smell is created by:


36. Which neurons conduct impulses from CNS to effectors?


37. It is unable to see during day time:          


38. Which part of human body plays role in balancing the body?


39. Glucagon is secreted by ______.


40. The hormone secreted by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland is:


41. The receptors may be


42. Which hormone prepares body to overcome emergency situation?


43. The largest endocrine gland in the human body is:


44. Vertebral column protects:


45. The cochlea is present in:


46. How many types of neurons are there in human beings?


47. Central nervous system consists of brain and:   


48. Muscular ring formed by choroid is:


49. The part of the brain responsible for muscle movement, interpretation of the senses and the memory is the;


50. The hormone calcitonin is secreted by:


51. This is not a part of the hindbrain:


52. The middle layer of eye is:


53. The nature of myelin sheath is:


54. Action performed by effectors is:


55. A coordinated action ends at:


56. Beneath the layer of larynx in human neck, which gland is present?


57. Insulin and glucagon are produced in the:  


58. The structural and functional unit of nervous system is;


59. It is sensitive to dim light;


60. Progesterone is secreted by:          


61. Which one controls rage, plain, pleasure and sorrow?


62. The largest part of the fore-brain that controls skeletal muscles, thinking, intelligence and emotions;


63. Which is not the part of hind brain?


64. Examples of exocrine glands are:


65. Each sense organ is specialized to receive a specific type of:


66. Hyperthyroidism is caused by:


67. Brain and Spinal cord are the examples of:


68. Convex lens is used to rectify which problem?


69. Which one decreases the level of calcium in the blood?


70. Rods and Cones are absent in:


71. Hypermetropia is also called:


72. The name of the pigment which is found in cones is:


73. Layers of brain are called:


74. Specific organs, tissues or cells of the body that intercept the stimuli:


75. Kind of coordination found in plants is;


76. In human eye, the number of cone cells is:


77. When the human body has low amount of water, then pituitary gland secretes:


78. In Auditory canal’s wall special glands produce:


79. The ductless gland associated with the hypothalamus of the brain is:


80. This lobe co-ordinates movements involved in speech;          


81. It is the part of inner ear.


82. Apart from hearing, what other major body function is performed by the ear?


83. The pathway which conducts impulses from CNS to effectors:


84. Ali Ibn-e-Isa’s three books on study of diseases and surgery of eye is;


85. It is the spot largely responsible for colour vision and sharpness.


86. The special neuroglial cells located at regular intervals along axons are called:


87. The lens found in human eye is;


88. The largest part of human brain is


89. What is required for the production of thyroxin?


90. For far sight the image is formed:


91. Cerebrospinal fluid is present in:


92. The pathway followed by the nerve impulses for producing a reflex action is called; 


93. Oval window is found in:


94. Which are the disorders of thyroxin?


95. They receive information, interpret them and stimulate motor neurons.


96. A pigment Iodopsin is present in:


97. Thyroxin and calcitonin is produced by the influence of;


98. The myelin sheath is formed by ____ which wrap around the axons of some neurons. 


99. Which organ(s) act as effectors in nervous coordination?


100. Who wrote the books on diseases and surgery of eye:


101. How many pairs of cranial nerves are in human being?


102. Pea-shaped gland is;          


103. A hormone testosterone is secreted by:


104. There is a round hole in the center of an iris is called:


105. Rhodopsin is present in the part of human eye:


106. Parathormone is secreted by:


107. If a new born baby feeds on mother’s milk, as a result of which production of mother’s milk will:


108. Endocrine glands in nervous coordination are:


109. Which hormone is secreted by ovary?


110. Muscles or glands of human beings are called


111. Deficiency of which vitamin causes the poor vision?


112. The glands situated above the kidneys are:


113. The sensory part of ear is; 


114. The portion of the nervous system that is involuntary in action:


115. Nucleus and cytoplasm of neuron is located in;   


116. Lobe which permits conscious control of skeletal muscles;


117. Large amount of urine is produced in


118. Ibn-al-Haytham is famous for his book of:


119. Which is the largest part of human brain?


120. Eyes of dogs and cats shine due to layer:


121. Middle ear is separated from inner ear by;


122. Which disease is caused by the lack of insulin?


123. Sound receptor cells are present in;


124. Types of neurons according to their work are:  


125. All of these are hormones except:


126. Which one is a coordinator in nervous coordination?


127. Visual information is received and analyzed by:           


128. The neurons in the central nervous system are:


129. The sensory layer of eye is;


130. The parts of fore brain are


131. Night blindness is caused due to the deficiency of;


132. Father of Optics is:


133. Brain stem involves:


134. A coordinated action has components;  


135. The wire-like projections which conduct impulses towards the cell body are called:


136. In some parts of the body many neurons’ cell bodies combine to make a group:


137. Which neurons are present inside the central nervous system?


138. Owl cannot see during day time due to the deficiency of:


139. In human eye, there are rods about ________ lakhs.


140. The length of spinal cord is:          


141. Spinal cord is the continuation of:


142. How many types of nerves are classified on the basis of property of axons?


143. The organs which are specifically built to detect particular type of stimulus are called;  


144. The thread like projections of a neuron cell body which conduct nerve impulses towards the cell body of neuron are called:


Short Questions

1. Briefly, describe function of vasopressin?  
2. Briefly, describe the parts of cerebrum?  
3. by jumping impulses?  
4. Define Acromegaly.
5. Define Brainstem.
6. Define Cell body.
7. Define Cerebellum.
8. Define Cerebral hemispheres.
9. Define Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).
10. Define Colour blindness.
11. Define coordinators. Give an example also.
12. Define dendrites and axons.         
13. Define Endocrine gland.
14. Define endocrine system.
15. Define Eustachian tube.
16. Define Exocrine gland.
17. Define feedback mechanism.
18. Define Iris and Pupil.
19. Define Islets of Langerhans.
20. Define Mixed nerves and Motor nerves.
21. Define Myelin sheath.
22. Define nerve impulse?
23. Define Nerve. Differentiate between sensory nerve and motor nerve.
24. Define nerve? How nerves are classified?
25. Define nervous impulse.
26. Define Neuron.
27. Define Neurons?  
28. Define nodes of Ranvier.
29. Define Optic disc or blind spot.
30. Define reflex action
31. Define reflex action and reflex arc.
32. Define reflex arc.
33. Define Retina.
34. Define Rhodopsin.
35. Define stimulus. Give any two examples.
36. Define Suspensory ligament.
37. Define Thalamus.
38. Define vascular and functional disorders?  
39. Describe hypothalamus. Enlist its functions.
40. Describe that the pupil reflex in dim and bright light.  
41. Differentiate between autonomic and somatic nervous system.
42. Differentiate between hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism
43. Differentiate between modes of nervous and chemical coordination.
44. Differentiate between occipital lobe and temporal lobe?
45. Differentiate between outer region of spinal cord and central region of spinal  cord?  
46. Differentiate between rods and cones ?
47. Differentiate between sensory neurons and motor neurons
48. Differentiate between sympathetic and parasympathetic system.
49. Differentiate between voluntary and involuntary actions.
50. Differentiate central nervous system and peripheral nervous system?
51. Differentiate spinal nerves and cranial nerves?  
52. Differentiate the following nerves
53. Differentiate white matter and grey matter of nervous system ?
54. Enlist the systems of motor pathway?  
55. Explain oval window.
56. Give the function of Thyroxine.
57. How could degenerating brain cells be repaired?  
58. How ear maintain body balance?
59. How endocrine glands release their secretion?  
60. How insulin and glucagon maintain the glucose concentration in blood?
61. How many neurons are present in human nervous system?  
62. How many pairs of spinal nerves arise along spinal cord?  
63. How many pathways cranial and spinal neryes make?
64. How many rods and cones are -present in human eye?
65. How thundering and lightning is produced?
66. Why the flash of lightning is followed after some seconds by a roar of thunder?
67. How would you associate the role of vitamin A with vision and effects on retina?           
68. Identify the two types of coordination in living organism
69. Identify the two types of co-ordination in living organisms.
70. Define coordination. Also write its two types.
71. What is sympathetic nervous system‘?   
72. List the pathway of light in the human eye.
73. Name the components of coordination.
74. Name the fluid present in central canal and ventricles?
75. Name the hormones produced by anterior lobe of pituitary gland?  
76. Name the hormones secreted by posterior lobe of pituitary gland?
77. Name the largest gland in human body?  
78. Name the largest part of forebrain? What is its function?  
79. Name the lobes of cerebral cortex?  
80. Name the major regions of the brain?  
81. Name the two major component of nervous system in man and high animals?
82. Name the two major component of nervous system in man and higher animals?  
83. Name the two roots of spinal nerve?
84. Name the types of coordination.
85. Name the types of neurons?  
86. State the functions of oxytocin.
87. What are Cranial nerves?
88. What are dendrites?
89. What are effectors.  
90. What are endocrine glands?
91. What are Estrogen and Progesterone hormones?    
92. What are exocrine glands?  
93. What are ganglia?
94. What are interneurons?
95. What are meninges? State their function.
96. What are Meninges? Write two functions also. / How brain is protected?
97. What are Nodes of Ranvier?
98. What are nodes of Ranvier?  
99. What are olfactory bulbs?
100. What are Pons?
101. What are receptors
102. What are receptors? Give any two examples.
103. What are Rods and Cones cells?
104. What are saltatory impulses?
105. What are Schwann cells?
106. What are Sclera and Cornea?
107. What are Spinal nerves?
108. What are the causes of hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism? Write symptoms of each.
109. What are the components of peripheral nervous system?  
110. What are the functions of hormones in animals?
111. Describe some roles performed by hormones in animals.
112. What are the functions of Oxytocin?
113. What are the functions of spinal cord‘?  
114. What are the main components of coordination?
115. What are the major components of human nervous system?
116. what are trophic hormones? 
117. What are vitreous humour and Aqueous humour?
118. What do you know about deafness?
119. What do you know about effectors?
120. What do you know about hippocampus? Write down its function.
121. What do you know about Schwann cells?
122. What do you know about spinal cord?
123. What do you mean by acromegaly ?
124. What do you understand by saltatory impulses?
125. What do you-know about roots of spinal nerves?  
126. What does cerebellum do?  
127. What has man discovered about brain?  
128. What is a Hormone? Give some examples also.
129. What is a response?
130. What is Antidiuretic hormone?
131. What is autonomic nervous system?
132. What is BGC test?
133. What is blind spot?  
134. What is brain stem?  
135. What is choroid?
136. What is Cochlea?
137. What is Diabetes mellitus?
138. What is difference between sensory neurons and interneurons?
139. What is Ear drum or Tympanic membrane?
140. What is Epilepsy?
141. What is Epinephrine or Emergency hormone?
142. What is feedback mechanism?
143. What is Ganglion?
144. what is goiter?  
145. What is Hyperthyroidism?
146. What is iodopsin?
147. What is location of brain?  
148. What is meant by coordination?
149. What is meant by ganglion?  
150. What is meant by Hippocampus?  
151. What is meant by meninges?  
152. What is meant by spinal cord?  
153. What is Medulla oblongata?
154. What is Midbrain? Write its functions.
155. What is myelin sheath?
156. What is negative feedback?  
157. What is nerve-growth factor?
158. What is oxytocin?  
159. What is Paralysis? Write its symptoms.
160. What is paralysis?  
161. What is peripher-al nervous system‘?  
162. What is required for the production of thyroxin ?   
163. What is retina?  
164. What is somatic nervous system?
165. What is stimulus?
166. What is testosterone?  
167. What is Tetany?       
168. What is the cause of dwarfism?
169. What is the function of Glucagon and Insulin?         
170. What is the function of remaining hormones of anterior lobe of pituitary gland?
171. What is the importance of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)?
172. What is the importance of colour vision for a pilot?
173. What is the location of thalamus ?
174. What is the role of convex lens in human eye ?
175. What is the shape of pituitary gland, and where is it located ?
176. What is the treatment of epilepsy?  
177. What is the unit of nervous system
178. What is TSH?  
179. Where does midbrain ?Write its function
180. Which actions are taken in emergency situation by sympathetic nervous system?  
181. Which activities are controlled by autonomic nervous system?
182. Which changes prepare the body to face the emergency situations?
183. Which different types of nerves can be found in human body?
184. Which drugs take in the epilepsy?  
185. Which hormones are secreted by ovaries? What is their function?  
186. Which is the largest and highly developed area of brain?
187. Which kind of muscles contracts without any conscious message from the brain?
188. Which medicines are used for the treatment of epilepsy?
189. Which part of body controls all activities of life‘?  
190. Which part of brain serves as a relay centre?
191. Which part of the eye contains the sensory cells?
192. Which parts of brain are collectively referred as brain stem?
193. Which protein promotes the regeneration of broken nerve cells?
194. Why Owl is not able to see during day time?
195. Why the eyes of cat and dog shine in the night?
196. What is tapetum?
197. Why the eyes of dog and cat shine in the night?  
198. Why the urine output is low in summer?           
199. Write a difference between axon” and dendrites?  
200. Write a difference between frontal lobe and parietal lobe?  
201. Write Down about the points of retina‘?  
202. Write down the differences among motor neurons, sensory neurons and  inter- neurons
203. Write down the function of frontal lobe of cerebral hemisphere
204. Write down the function of TSH?
205. Write down the functions of hypothalamus?  
206. Write down the functions of lobes.
207. Write down the functions of thyroxin ?
208. Write down the name of lobes of pituitary gland?
209. Write down two important functions of spinal cord.
210. Write names of three main parts of brain.
211. Write the names and effects of hormones released from testes and ovaries.
212. Write the names of layers of the eye.

Long Questions

1. Describe the contribution of Ibne-al-Haytham and Ali Ibne Isa about structure of eye and treatment of various diseases related to eye.
2. Describe the peripheral nervous system of human.
3. Describe the posterior lobe of Pituitary gland.
4. Describe the structure of human ear.
5. Describe the structure of human eye.
6. Explain feedback mechanism.
7. Explain reflex action and reflex arc with the help of a diagram.
8. Explain the disorders of human eye
9. Explain thyroid gland.
10. How does the process of hearing take place in ear? Explain it.
11. What is epilepsy? Write down the important symptoms, causes and treatment of epilepsy.
12. What is neuron? Describe its structure.
13. What is neuron? Explain its types.m
14. Write a note on autonomic nervous system.
15. Write a note on forebrain.
16. Write a note on midbrain and hind brain.
17. Write a note on Pancreas.
18. Write a note on Pituitary gland.
19. Write a note on spinal cord.
20. Write a note on the posterior lobe of Pituitary gland.
21. Write down the causes and symptoms of paralysis.
22. Write the lobes of forebrain.
23. Write the name of different components of coordination process and explain each component with examples.

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