Class 10th Biology Chapter 11 Homeostasis MCQs Short Long Notes

biology 10th notes Chapter 11

1. ___________ is a network of capillaries.


2. Which surface of human body is formed by alveoli?  


3. ________ is deposited in the form of crystals in the leaves and stems of tomato.


4. The thickness of human kidney is:


5. In animals, the excretion of CO₂ takes place by:


6. Point out the FALSE statement about respiration


7. When there is excess water in body fluids, kidneys form _________ urine.


8. Oxygen is produced in mesophyll cells only during _______, as a by-product of photosynthesis.


9. ______________ is the outer part of kidney and it is dark in colour.


10. What waste products are excreted by kidneys?


11. Which thing is reabsorbed by the ascending limb of loop of Henle?


12. opening and closing of stomata controls:  


13. After entering the roots, water is accumulated in:


14. What is the function of the ureter?


15. Where does the gaseous-exchange occur in humans?    


16. The maintenance of temperature in internal human body is called:        


17. A method for removing stones in which non electrical shock waves are bombarded on stones is called:


18. Which one is not the part of kidney?


19. Which is the correct order for the path taken by urine after it leaves the kidneys?  


20. Which of the following is not present in urine?


21. a diseases  involving the breakdown of air sacs of the lungs is;


22. The plants which are completely are partially submerged in fresh water are called:


23. All alveoli on one side constitute      


24. The functional unit of kidney is:


25. The other name of larynx is:  


26. Urine contains _________ water.


27. How vocal cords vibrate and produce sounds?  


28. The average weight of a kidney is:


29. __________ of the glomerular filtrate is reabsorbed into blood capillaries surrounding renal tubule.


30. How many nephrons are present in each kidney?


31. it is function of lenticels?  


32. percentage of water in Urine is:


33. Example of Halophytes is:


34. Calcium oxalate is deposited in the form of crystals in the leaves and stems of:


35. Which ribs protect the kidneys?


36. Mucilage is secreted in:


37. The plants which live in sea water and are adapted to salty environments are called:


38. The ‘Nephrons’ are mainly made of:


39. Trachea is a long tube and its-length is


40. Gums are extracted from:


41. What are alveoli?  


42. Example of hydrophyte plant is:  


43. Which of the following human organs are involved in homeostasis?


44. Guttation occurs in:            


45. Rubber plant produces:


46. In how many parts we can divide respiratory system?  


47. Amount of urea in normal chemical composition of urine is:    


48. In human and other higher animals the exchange of gases is carried out by


49. Which is a box like structure and made up of cartilage?  


50. Hypotonic urine is formed when water in body fluid is:


51. __________ is the appearance of drops of water on the tips or edges of leaves.


52. Glomerulus is enclosed by:


53. Which structure actively helps in taking the air out of lungs?


54. What is another name for the wind pipe


55. Respiration involves:  


56. Sea grasses are:


57. Which thing is reabsorbed by the descending limb of loop of Henle?


58. Which cells of leaves carrying out photosynthesis and respiration in day-time?


59. The average life of the transplanted kidney is:


60. Bronchioles end as fine tubules called:  


61. Most of the gaseous exchange in a leaf occurs through;  


62. The category of the plants that has adaptations of small and thick leaves to limit water loss is called:


63. ___________ is the loss of water from plant surface in the form of vapours.


64. Larynx continues to the:  


65. Lungs are situated in the:  


66. These plants have deep roots:


67. The human urinary system consists of;


68. All of the following are function of kidney except:


69. In which form organisms need energy for their activities?  


70. The tube between kidney and urinary bladder is the;


71. __________ is a dark-red, bean shaped organ


72. Which gas is produced during cellular respiration and taken out from the cells


73. Cacti are examples of:


74. In plants the excess water is removed by:


75. Bronchi have in their walls


76. A method for removal of kidney stone is:          


77. Core temperature of human body remains at about:


78. On entering chest cavity, trachea is divided into:  


79. Which would NOT be present in the filtrate entering the Bowman’s capsule of nephron?


80. U–shaped part of renal tubule is called:  


81. Function of cartilage rings in trachea:  


82. Renal Pelvis is a part of:


83. How does nasal cavity filter the dust particles from the air?  


84. Encyclopedia “Al Tasrif” is written by;  


85. The ___________ filter excess water, salt, urea, uric acid etc. from the blood and forms urine.


86. The two main functions of sweat are;


87. what are type of blood vessels surrounds-the alveoli?


88. Cellular respiration is a process in which CH bonds in food are broken by:


89. Amount of Potassium ions in urine is:


90. Pharynx extends to the opening of:  


91. The typical volume of urine produced by an average adult is around _______ per day.


92. Excretion is also a process of:


93. The concave part of kidney is towards:


94. In kidney the formation of urine occurs in _________ steps.


95. Body balance of water, salts, temperature and glucose is termed as:


96. Despite eating a meal rich in carbohydrates, the blood glucose level remains about:


97. Production of hypotonic and hypertonic urine in body is under control of:


98. Broad leaves with large number of stomata on the upper side are found in:


99. Which of the following carries the oxygenated blood back to the heart?  


100. It can be done at home;


101. Larynx is present:  


102. The process in which animals take oxygen from environment and give out the air for getting rid of CO₂is called?  


103. Percentage of kidney stones that can be avoided by drinking plenty of water is;


104. Uric acid is removed by:


105. Plays role in maintaining body temperature:


106. The gas produced in the mesophyll cells as by-product during day time is called:


107. The base of the ureter is:


108. Amount of Chloride ions in urine is:


109. Glomerular capillaries cannot filter:


110. Keekar produces:


111. Resins are removed by:


112. What is produced during respiration?


113. in which group the entire surface is covered by bark?  


114. of the kidney failure is/are:


115. Amount of Sodium ions in urine is:


116. Organs which work for homeostasis are:


117. The length of each Kidney is:


118. Two pair of fibrous bands across the -larynx are called:  


119. The nasal cavity opens into the:    


120. Normal pH of blood is maintained at:


121. Which of the following statement is NOT true about epidermis?


122. The trachea and bronchi are lined with:


123. Arterial blood dialysis is also called:


124. Which organ is responsible for filtering the blood?


125. Secretions secreted by conifers are called: 


126. During peritoneal dialysis, the waste materials move from:   


127. Metabolic wastes are eliminated by:


128. Plants store extra water in their cell for:


129. Approximate weight of a Kidney is:


130. pores in the layers of the bark is called:  


Short Questions

1. At what percentage, kidney” stones are removed by heavy intake of water?  
2. Briefly describes mechanism of hypertonic urine?
3. Briefly explains the removal of CO₂ in young stems, roots and leaves?
4. Briefly, describe the leading causes of kidney failure?  
5. Define dialysis. Name its two types.
6. Define Excretion. 
7. Define homeostasis?  
8. Define metabolic waste.
9. Define osmoregulation
10. Define osmosis
11. Define renal pelvis?  
12. Define renal tubule.
13. Define succulent organs?  
14. Define the term “Excretion”?  
15. Define thermoregulation.
16. Define transpiration?
17. Describe structure of Glomerulus and Bowman’s capsule.
18. Describe the process of selective re-absorption in kidneys
19. Differentiate between hypotonic and hypertonic solutions
20. Differentiate between renal corpuscle and renal tubule.
21. Differentiate between renal cortex and renal medulla.
22. Differentiate between transpiration and guttation
23. Differentiate urethra and ureter‘?  
24. Differentiatepglomerulus and bowman’s capsule ?
25. Does blood glucose level in our body remain constant by eating a meal rich carbohydrates?  
26. Explain the mechanism of pressure filtration.
27. Explain the process of selective reabsorption.
28. How does blood maintain its PH?  
29. How does kidney failure treat?  
30. How does skin provide a cooling effect?  
31. How does the donor’s kidney connect in the patient’s body?
32. How does urinary system form?  
33. How halophytes control the amount salt in their bodies?
34. How kidneys work when there is shortage of water in body fluids?
35. How lungs help in Homoeostasis?
36. How lungs maintain concentration of CO₂ in blood?
37. How plants excrete their metabolic wastes?
38. How plants remove carbon dioxide from their bodies?
39. How xerophytes control the amount of water in their bodies? 
40. Locate the kidneys in the human body?
41. Name the causes of kidney stone?  
42. Name the organs which work for homeostasis in humans?  
43. Name the parts of renal tubule?  
44. Name two major parts of a nephron.
45. Our skin is consisted of how many layers?
46. Respiration takes place all the time in plants, but there is no removal of carbon dioxide in daytime Why?
47. What are collecting ducts and papillary ducts?
48. What are Halophytes?
49. What are halophytes? ”  
50. What are halophytes? How can they live in salt water?
51. What are Hydrophytes? Give an example. 
52. What are hydrophytes? Give one example
53. What are succulent organs?
54. What are the hydrophytes?  
55. What are the main symptoms of kidney failure‘?  
56. What are the major organs involved in homeostasis in human body? State the role of each organ?
57. What are the symptoms of kidney stones?
58. What are the symptoms of kidney stones?  
59. What are Xerophytes? 
60. What do you know about metabolic wastes?  
61. What do you know about the average lifetime of donated kidney?
62. What do you know about the renal Pyramids?  
63. What do you know about urinary system?
64. What do you mean by glomerular filtrate?  
65. What do you mean by kidney stone ?
66. What do you mean by kidney stone? Write the cause of kidney stones. 
67. What do you mean by xerophytes?  
68. What does dialysis mean? Name its methods‘?  
69. What is a dialyzer?
70. What is a guttation?
71. What is a nephron?
72. What is glomerulus filtrate?
73. What is guttation? How does it differ from dew?
74. What is Haemodialysis?
75. What is hilus?
76. What is homeostasis? Give an example
77. What is kidney transplant?
78. What is lithotripsy? / Write down the method of lithotripsy. 
79. What is lithotripsy?  
80. What is meant by kidney failure? Give its major causes
81. What is meant by osmoregulation?  
82. What is meant by succulent organs? Give an example.
83. What is nephron‘?  
84. What is osmosis?
85. What is peritoneal dialysis?
86. What is re-absorbed in the process of re-absorption?  
87. What is renal corpuscle?
88. What is Renal pelvis?
89. What is the core temperature of human body?  
90. What is the external structure of human kidney?
91. What is the function of urinary system?
92. What is the location of kidneys in human body?
93. What is the main function of kidney and how many steps are involved in it?
94. What is the role of kidneys in osmoregulation?  
95. What is the role of skin in controlling body temperature? 
96. What is the secondary function of the leaves?
97. What is the tubular secretion?
98. What measures will be taken to get best result in kidney transplantation?  
99. What osmotic adjustment are present in Hydrophytes for homoeostasis of water and salts?
100. What problems may occur after kidney transplant?
101. When kidneys form dilute (hypotonic) urine and concentrated (hypertonic) urine?  
102. When kidneys form hypotonic and hypertonic urine?
103. Where do the plants get water?
104. where does  ureter  leave kidney ?
105. Which conditions are suitable for the functioning of enzymes?
106. Which kind of internal environment our body cells need?  
107. Which metabolic wastes plants store in their bodies?  
108. Which step will be taken if transplant fails in first attempt?  
109. Who was Abu Nasr-al-Farabi‘? What was his contribution about kidney diseases?  
110. Why paints store large amount of water?  
111. Why transpiration does not occur at night?
112. Why transpiration does not take place at night? 
113. Why xerophytes have succulent organs?
114. Write about the contributions” and inventions of the genius Abu-al-Qasim kl-Zahrawi?  
115. Write down the appearance of hydrophytes and its characteristics?
116. Write down the function of skin and its types?  
117. Write down the parts of renal corpuscle?
118. Write down the waste materials of some plants?  
119. Write names of different parts of human urinary system. 
120. Write structure of renal pyramids
121. Write the difference among ureter, urethra and urinary bladder?
122. Write the names of inner and outer part of the kidney?  
123. Write the shape and size of the kidney.
124. Write the symptoms of kidney failure.

Long Questions

1. Define homeostasis. Explain its types.
2. Define osmoregulation. Describe the role of kidney in osmoregulation.
3. Describe the function of kidneys.
4. Describe the osmoregulatory function of the kidney.
5. Describe the role of skin and lungs in Homeostasis.
6. Describe the structure of functional unit of kidney.
7. Describe the structure of kidney with help of diagram.
8. Describe the symptoms, causes and treatment of kidney stone.
9. Explain homeostasis in plants.
10. Explain osmoregulation and thermoregulation.
11. Explain peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis.
12. How do plants remove their extra water and salts from their body.
13. Into how many groups plants are divided on the basis of available amount of water and salts? Explain each group.
14. What steps are involved in the formation of urine in the kidneys? Explain.
15. Which organs are involved in homeostasis in human? Describe in details the work of two organs only.
16. Write a note on kidney stone.
17. Write a note on kidney transplant.
18. Write a note on nephron. Draw the diagram to show the structure of nephron.
19. Write down the causes and symptoms of kidney failure.
20. Write the osmotic adjustment in xerophytes and hydrophytes.

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