2nd Year English Lesson 13 Sir Alexander Fleming Notes MCQs Solution

english 12th Notes Chapter No 13

1. Lysozyme was the forerunner of penicillin. Here the word forerunner means


2. Lysozyme was the forerunner of penicillin. Here the word forerunner  means


3. Fleming provoked other scientists to seek new antibiotics. Here the word provoked means


4. Penicillin had no toxic effect on leukocytes. Here the word toxic  means


5. The explosive were used extensively. Here the word extensively means


6. The fame of his success stirred up other scientists. Here the word stirred  means


7. Their culture plates were never contaminated. Here the word contaminated means


8. The discovery of penicillin stimulated new research to find something better. Here the word stimulated means


9. He tried to concentrate the drug but failed. Here the word concentrate  means


10. Fleming always insisted that he discovered penicillin by chance. Here the word insisted means


11. Today the sight of this parchment is odious to me. Here the word odious means


12. Lister’s aim was the prevention of disease. Here the word prevention means


13. The germs could be destroyed by antiseptics. Here the word antiseptics means


14. It breeds on damp bread cheese and preserves. Here the word damp  means


15. M. Roux recorded an episode. Here the word episode means


16. He discovered the body’s natural armor against disease. Here the word armor means


17. Fleming got a share in the legacy. Here the word legacy means


18. It breeds on damp bread, cheese and preserves. Here the word breeds means


19. France and Germany plunged into war. Here the word plunged means


20. There was no solution- and the problem was tremendous. Here the word tremendous means


21. Flaming modesty called his discovery of lysozyme an accident. Here the word modesty  means


22. For eight years he sought to find means to aid leukocytes. Here the word sought  means


23. In peacetime, the antiseptic method was adequate. Here the word adequate means


24. In peacetime, an aseptic method was adequate. Here the word adequate means


25. At twenty, Fleming received a share in legacy. Here the word legacy means


26. Infection was a tremendous problem in the past. Here the word tremendous  means


27. Lister’s aim was the prevention of disease. Here the word prevention means


28. Instead of chemicals heat was used to sterilize instruments. Here the word sterilize means


29. He discovered the body is natural armour against disease. Here the word  against means


30. It was the strongest weapon to get forged in the fight of disease. Here the word forged  means


31. Presumably, the fungus was blown through the window. Here the word Presumably means


32. Flaming provoked other scientists to seek new antibiotics. Here the word seek  means


33. In practice, there was one obstacle. Here the word obstacle means


34. Fleming protested that such gratitude was not due to him. Here the word gratitude means


35. The substance does not alter. Here the word alter means


36. Fleming protested that such gratitude was not due to him. Here the word gratitude means


37. Experiments gave way to the next. Here the word gave way means


38. It may have come from the larder of a forgetful housewife. Here the word larder means


39. It was a flame of indignation. Here the word indignation means


40. Flaming was suffering from catarrh. Here the word catarrh means


41. Lister’s aim was the prevention of disease. Here the word prevention  means


42. In the war, explosives were used extensively. Here the word extensively means


43. They rush to join battle with the invader. Here the word invader means


44. Flaming protest that such gratitude was not given to him. Here the word gratitude  means


45. It stimulated other scientists to study the habits of germs. Here the word stimulated means


46. Fleming made the discovery by what he modestly called an accident. Here the word modestly means


47. Malaria was rampant in England. Here the word rampant means


48. And regretfully Fleming turned to other things. Here the word regretfully means


49. A mould spore dropped on the plate. Here the word mould  means


50. It breeds on damp bread, cheese and preserves. Here the word breeds  means


51. He protested vigorously against the idea that pencil was a man made the invention. Here the word vigorously  means


52. Fleming was not happy with the limelight. Here the word limelight means


53. Penicillin was hailed as a wonder drug. Here the word hailed  means


54. Microbes began to disappear. Here the word Microbes  means


55. Fleming was not happy in the limelight. Here the word limelight means


56. Flaming provoked others to seek new antibiotics. Here the word provoked  means


57. Fleming plated the mould on meat broth. Here the word broth means


58. It was not just modesty that made him say this .Here the word modesty means


59. It would be no exaggeration to say that. Here the word exaggeration  means


60. Injecting carbolic acid was abandoned soon. Here the word abandoned  means


61. One of Alexander fleming brothers was qualified oculist. Here the word oculist means


62. There was fierce competition in the school. Here the word fierce means


63. Virulent germs spread diseases. Here the word Virulent means


64. Malaria was rampant in England. Here the word rampant means


65. Inflammation of wounds caused amputation necessary. Here the word amputation  means


66. Fleming protested that such gratitude was not due to him. Here the word gratitude means


67. It is very much to his credit. Here the word credit means


Short Questions

1. Carbolic acid could kill germs inside human body. Why was it not injected into humans then?
2. Describe how Fleming discovered penicillin?
3. Did Lysozyme prove useful in the treatment of wound infection?
4. Fleming discovered penicillin by chance. Comment.
5. Fleming’s achievement paved the way for other discoveries in the medical field. What are they?
6. For how much time did Fleming work in Wright’s laboratory and what was his field of search there?
7. Give an account of the early life of Fleming?
8. How can germs be destroyed?
9. How did a man in Italy express his thanks for Fleming?
10. How did Fleming become famous ?
11. How did Fleming discover lysozyme?
12. How did Fleming discover penicillin?
13. How did Fleming fight against infected wounds before discovering penicillin?
14. How did Fleming start his early career?
15. How did Fleming start his work in fighting Infected wounds?
16. How did Fleming’s family become a medical family?
17. How did Lister kill germs?
18. How did Lister sterilize his surgical Instruments.
19. How did Pasteur and Lister revolutionize the theory and practice of medicine?
20. How did the Flemings come to be known as a medical family?
21. How did the Oxford team make penicillin more effective?
22. How did the surgeons infect their patients in the past?
23. How did the world come to know about the discovery of penicillin?
24. How was Fleming acknowledged and honoured for his discovery of penicillin?
25. In what respect is penicillin better than the chemical antiseptics?
26. Was Fleming proud of his discovery?
27. What are antiseptic method?
28. What are antiseptics and what is the antiseptic method?
29. What did Fleming do to produce the anti-bacterial substance free of the mould?
30. What did Fleming say about the laboratories in Detroit?
31. What did Lister do to prove his patients from being infected with germs?
32. What did Pasteur discover about disease?
33. What did the discovery of lysozyme bring Fleming?
34. What did Wright and Fleming discover about the chemical antiseptics, and what did they insist?
35. What do you know of the Oxford team?
36. What helped Fleming to train for a career, and wbo pushed him into medicine?
37. What is aseptic method?
38. What is Lysozyme and how Fleming discovered it?
39. What is the difference between a septic and antiseptic method ? 
40. What is the role of leucocytes?
41. What part is played by the white cells in the blood of a human body?
42. What was disease according to Metchnikoff?
43. What was it that Fleming Came face to face with when be joined RAM.C. In 1914?
44. What was the benefit of the discovery of lysozyme to Fleming?
45. What was the chief defect of antiseptic method?
46. What was the greatest benefit of penicillin according to Fleming?
47. What was the major problem during the warfare?
48. What were the early attempts of medical officers in treating wounds?
49. What were the surgeons ignorant of in the past?
50. When and by what was Lister’s antiseptic method of surgery replaced?
51. When and how did Fleming discover the first natural antiseptic, and what did be call it?
52. When and where was Alexander Fleming born?
53. When did Fleming get a share from legacy?
54. When was Fleming knighted and awarded Nobel prize?
55. Who was Louis Pasteur and what did he discover?
56. Who was Metchnikoff and what did he discover?
57. Why and when was Fleming Knighted?
58. Why couldn’t penicillin have been discovered in the research laboratories of America?
59. Why did Fleming choose St. Mary’s to study for a profession?
60. Why did Fleming fall to concentrate penicillin in its crude form?
61. Why did Fleming take a job as a clerk?
62. Why did Sir Almroth Wright write a letter to The Times?
63. Why was Fleming’s family called doctor’s family?
64. Why was Lysozyme different from other chemicals?
65. Why was the aseptic method not successful especially in 1914?
66. Why was the surgeon’s problem the same as that of a physician treating disease before penicillin was discovered?
67. Why we aseptic method not successful especially in 1914?
68. Why were the Americans amazed when they visited Fleming’s laboratory?
69. Write a note on penicillin as a wonder drug?

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