2nd Year Biology Chapter 23 Biotechnology Notes MCQs Bank Solution

biology 12th notes chapter 23

1. The gene therapy in cancer makes the patient tolerant for

 
 
 
 

2. Recombinant DNA are expressed in

 
 
 
 

3. In gene sequencing, the colour of the fluorescent bands are read by

 
 
 
 

4. The plants produced by micropropagation of meristem are called

 
 
 
 

5. Organisms with foreign genes are called

 
 
 
 

6. The artificial seeds are produced of which of the following plants?

 
 
 
 

7. Gene pharming is used for obtaining

 
 
 
 

8. Enzyme obtained from thermus aquatieus is commonly known as:

 
 
 
 

9. Which of the followings is not a vector?

 
 
 
 

10. Which of the followings form genomic library?

 
 
 
 

11. The copy of DNA pieces in human genomic project is made by

 
 
 
 

12. Scientists are working on which of followings for increasing yield

 
 
 
 

13. Genome fragments can be separated according to their lengths during the process:

 
 
 
 

14. The first restriction enzyme was isolated by

 
 
 
 

15. The plants produced by micropropagation from single cell are called

 
 
 
 

16. The plant cells whose cell wall is removed are

 
 
 
 

17. The genes for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia are introduced in

 
 
 
 

18. The enzyme luciferase is produced by an insect commonly known as the

 
 
 
 

19. Somatic embryo are encapsulated in gel and are called

 
 
 
 

20. Pieces of DNA are jointed by

 
 
 
 

21. The enzymes which are used to cut out the gene of interest are known as:

 
 
 
 

22. Antibody used for the treatment of genital herpes is obtained from:

 
 
 
 

23. In cystic fibrosis, the gene codes for trans membrane carrier of which ion is missing

 
 
 
 

24. Which one is not biotechnology product?

 
 
 
 

25. E.Coli s a commonly used

 
 
 
 

26. The organism used as vector during treatment of SCID by gene therapy is

 
 
 
 

27. The entire genome has been sequence by the company of

 
 
 
 

28. The solution of Liposomes is sprayed on

 
 
 
 

29. A full set of genes of an individual is called its:

 
 
 
 

30. Thermus aquateua is a/ an

 
 
 
 

31. Production of identical copying of gene is

 
 
 
 

32. These are used in angiosplasty

 
 
 
 

33. Genes are cut by

 
 
 
 

34. Which of the following diseases is not treated by in vivo gene therapy?

 
 
 
 

35. Millions of artificial seed are produced in large tanks called

 
 
 
 

36. The bacteria used in industries for control of pollution are

 
 
 
 

37. Growth of a tissue in an artificial liquid culture medium is termed as:

 
 
 
 

38. The use of DNA analysis for convicting the criminal of rape is used in

 
 
 
 

39. The protoplast regenerates and produces

 
 
 
 

40. The bacteria are used in mining industry for

 
 
 
 

41. The use of transgenic farm animals to produce pharmaceuticals is termed as:

 
 
 
 

42. Green revolution was launched in

 
 
 
 

43. Which of the following is virus free?

 
 
 
 

44. Adult transgenic tobacco plants glowed when sprayed with the substrate

 
 
 
 

45. The commonly used restriction enzyme is

 
 
 
 

46. The first animal cloned was

 
 
 
 

47. The chemical that makes the bacterial membrane permeable is

 
 
 
 

48. The gene sequence of which of the following chromosomes was completed in 1999

 
 
 
 

49. The organisms which are used to produce human growth hormone in their urine are

 
 
 
 

50. The clumps produce

 
 
 
 

51. An antibody made by soyabeans can be used as treatment for

 
 
 
 

52. Which of the followings is used to transfer genes?

 
 
 
 

53. The genes which cause self destruction of bacteria are

 
 
 
 

54. Palindromic sequences are present in

 
 
 
 

55. The number of base sequences in man is

 
 
 
 

56. In micropropagation of meristem, the hormone used is

 
 
 
 

57. In 1958, F.C.Steward grew a complete carrot plant from tiny piece of:

 
 
 
 

58. A probe is a single stranded nucleotide sequence that will hybridize in to certain piece of:

 
 
 
 

59. Persons with Huntington’s disease have a unique site where a restriction enzyme cuts:

 
 
 
 

60. Taq polymarase is an enzyme present in

 
 
 
 

61. In which of these in vivo gene therapy is used?

 
 
 
 

62. pBR 322 has antibiotic resistance genes for:

 
 
 
 

63. The DNA sequence of which of the followings have been done?

 
 
 
 

64. The steps involved in DNA finger printing

 
 
 
 

65. The cell suspension cultures of Cnchona ledgeriana produces:

 
 
 
 

66. Restriction enzymes are present in

 
 
 
 

67. The degradation of pollutants with the help of recombinant bacteria is called

 
 
 
 

68. Kary B.Mullie developed the polymorase chain reaction in

 
 
 
 

69. The system used for the formation of specific product is

 
 
 
 

70. The genes for the treatment of SCID are introduced in

 
 
 
 

71. The single standard nucleotide sequence that hybridize into certain piece is

 
 
 
 

72. The hypercholesterolemia causes at young age

 
 
 
 

73. The microscopic vesicles formed during gene therapy of cystic fibrosis are called

 
 
 
 

74. Match recombinant DNA with one of the followings

 
 
 
 

75. The plants cells can develop complete plants.So they are called

 
 
 
 

76. The collection of different sized fragments is

 
 
 
 

77. Match Sanger’s method for generation of pieces of DNA with one of the followings

 
 
 
 

78. Which of the followings is produced by transgenic plants as well as transgenic bacteria?

 
 
 
 

79. Tissue culture and cloning seek help through:

 
 
 
 

80. Which of the followings is irrelevant for PCR?

 
 
 
 

81. Mendel’s work was rediscovered in

 
 
 
 

82. Each piece of DNA should be

 
 
 
 

83. Natural extra chromosomal circular DNA are

 
 
 
 

84. The smallest human chromosomes is

 
 
 
 

85. The first restriction enzyme was isolated by

 
 
 
 

86. Pieces of DNA are separated on

 
 
 
 

87. Aspartame is a:

 
 
 
 

88. Which of the followings helped scientist to pinpoint disease causing genes?

 
 
 
 

89. PSc 101 has antibiotics resistant gene for

 
 
 
 

90. Children with severe combined immunodeficiency syndrome lack enzyme:

 
 
 
 

91. Meristem is

 
 
 
 

92. In gene sequencing the nucleotide strained with fluorescent dye are

 
 
 
 

93. The insertion of genetic material into human cells for the treatment of a disorder is called

 
 
 
 

94. Complete carrot plant was developed from tiny part of phloem by

 
 
 
 

95. The acreage of transgenic plants in 1999 was

 
 
 
 

96. Organisms that have had a foreign gene inserted into them are called

 
 
 
 

97. Antithrombin is produced in

 
 
 
 

98. In gene pharming egg is fertilized

 
 
 
 

99. The antibody which is used for the treatment of genital herps is obtained from

 
 
 
 

100. The work of biotechnology is

 
 
 
 

101. The naked cells of plant are called

 
 
 
 

102. Number of restriction enzymes discovered so far are

 
 
 
 

103. In the cloning of mice the second nucleus is obtained from

 
 
 
 

104. Which of the enzymas sot as molecular scissors

 
 
 
 

105. Urine is a prefereable vehicle for bilotechnology product than:

 
 
 
 

106. FC Steward provided the phloem cells

 
 
 
 

107. The nucleotide sequence is stored by

 
 
 
 

108. Cloning is a form of:

 
 
 
 

109. The two different piece of DNA joined together, is called as

 
 
 
 

110. Callous can form

 
 
 
 

111. The antibody which can deliver radio isotopes to tumor cells is obtained from

 
 
 
 

112. The enzyme ADA is involved in maturation of

 
 
 
 

113. Patients of cystic fibrosis often die due to numerous infections of the:

 
 
 
 

114. The coconut milk contains the plant hormone called:

 
 
 
 

115. Cell suspension cultures of digitalis lanata produce:

 
 
 
 

116. Genomic library is a collection of bacterial or bacteriophage?

 
 
 
 

117. Anther is cultured in a medium containing

 
 
 
 

118. In micropropagation, the structure used is

 
 
 
 

119. Which of the following phages is use as vector?

 
 
 
 

120. An enzyme a-galactosidase that can be used to treat a human lysosome storage disease, is harvested from?

 
 
 
 

121. DNA analyzer is used for

 
 
 
 

122. The plasmids having resistant gene against tetracycline and ampicillin are

 
 
 
 

123. An undifferentiated group of cells is called

 
 
 
 

124. Which of the following products is prepared by recombinant DNA technology?

 
 
 
 

125. Transgenic bacteria are produced in large vats called

 
 
 
 

126. Naturasweet is

 
 
 
 

127. The enzyme extracted from Thermus aquaticus is

 
 
 
 

128. The number of frequently used restriction enzymes are

 
 
 
 

129. Biodegradable plastic is obtained from

 
 
 
 

130. In which of the followings plant pest and herb resistant genes are not used?

 
 
 
 

131. Cystic fibrosis patients lack a gene that codes for trans-membrane carrier of the

 
 
 
 

132. The human genomic project will take how many volume of encyclopedia

 
 
 
 

133. Which of the following techniques produces large number of copies of genes?

 
 
 
 

134. Which of the followings is model plant whose gene sequencing has been completed?

 
 
 
 

135. PCR technique was developed by

 
 
 
 

136. The production of genetically identical copies of the organisms by asexual reproduction is called

 
 
 
 

137. The genes which are synthesized from mRNA by reverse transcriptase are called

 
 
 
 

138. The disease not treated by Ex vivo gene therapy is

 
 
 
 

139. Match MaxamGilbert method for generation of pieces of DNA with one of the followings

 
 
 
 

140. Match target DNA with one of the followings

 
 
 
 

141. The technique used to produce copies of genes in laboratory is

 
 
 
 

Short Questions

1. Define angioplasty.
2. Define biotechnology.Give its application.
3. Define gene therapy?
4. Define Molecular scissors. What are restriction enzymes? Give example. Differentiate between molecular scissors and molecular vectors?
5. Define plasmids?
6. Define tissue culture?
7. Describe genomic library.
8. Differentiate between Lucifer in and Luciferase?
9. Explain cell suspension culture?
10. Explain familial hypercholesterolemia?
11. Explain restriction enzyme (restriction endonuclease)?
12. Explain the importance of gene sequencing.
13. From which amimal antithrombin III is produced?
14. Give definition of hybridization?
15. Give examples of ex-vivo and in-vivo gene therapies in man?
16. Give two advantages of transgenic animals?
17. Give two advantages of transgenic plants?
18. How can hypercholesterolemia be controlled by gene therapy?
19. How can Parkinson’s disease be cured by gene therapy?
20. How can the useful (desirable) genes be obtained for producing recombinant DNA?
21. How gene therapy has been used for the treatment of cancer?
22. How gene therapy has been used for the treatment of coronary artery angioplasty?
23. How genes can be isolated from chromosomes?
24. How is the enzyme, DNA ligase used in genetic engineering?
25. How many methods are used for gene therapy?Name them.
26. How transgenic animals are developed?
27. How transgenic animals that secrete a product are often cloned?
28. Name different organisms and organelles whose genomes have been sequenced?
29. Name some biotechnology products produced by bacteria?
30. Name the enzyme which helps synthesize desirable gene in the laboratory, form mRNA.
31. plant cells are said to be totipotent.What do you mean by this?
32. What are Biofilters?
33. What are bioreactors?
34. What are biotechnology products?
35. What are clonal plants?
36. What are Palindromic Sequences?
37. What are plasmids?
38. What are protoplasts?
39. What are sticky ends?
40. What are teh restriction enzymes?
41. What are the various methods of gene or DNA sequencing?
42. What are transgenic organisms(animals or plants)?
43. What are transgenic plants. Give two advantages of transgenic plants.
44. What are various methods of gene or DNA sequencing?
45. What are vectors?
46. What can be used as vector, other than the plasmid?
47. What do you mean by palindromic (repeated) sequences?
48. What does genome mean?
49. What is a genome and genomic library?
50. What is a genome and genomic library? Differentiate between genome and genomic library. Define genomic library.
51. What is a probe?
52. What is a protoplast?
53. What is another name for recombinant DNA?
54. What is aspartame?
55. What is clone?
56. What is complementary DNA?
57. What is cystic fibrosis?
58. What is DNA Finger printing?
59. What is Dolly?
60. What is Ex-vivo gene therapy?
61. What is familial hypercholesterolemia?
62. What is gel electrophoresis?
63. What is gene pharming?
64. What is gene sequencing?
65. What is gene therapy?
66. What is in-vivo gene therapy?
67. What is Maxam-Gilbert method?
68. What is meant by cloning?
69. What is PCR and write applications of PCR amplification. What are the uses of PCR amplification and analysis?
70. What is recombinant DNA and its technology in genetic engineering?
71. What is recombinant DNA or chimaeric DNA?
72. What is Sanger’s method?
73. What is the advantage of genetic engineering of C4 plants?
74. What is the biodegradable plastic and its origin?
75. What is the method of ex-vivo gene therapy?
76. What is the polymerase chain reaction of PCR?
77. What is the purpose of primary goal of human genome project?
78. What is the role of molecular carrier-the vector? Differentiate between plasmids pSC 101 and pBR 322? Elaborate the use of plasmids. Mention the role of lambda phage during recombinant DNA technology.
79. What is the role of restriction enzyme in the preparation of recombinant DNA during genetic engineering?
80. What is the role of suicide gene in transgenic bacteria?
81. What is the use of dideoxy method?
82. What is the use of DNA or chimaeric DNA?
83. What is the use of genetically engineered bacteria?
84. What is tissue culture?
85. What is totipotency?
86. What is totipotency? What is totipotent cell? Define the term totipotent. Why plant cells are said to be totipotent?
87. What is vector?
88. When recombinant DNA technology is used and when PCR?
89. Where from PCR took its name?Why is callled chain reaction?
90. Which chemicals are obtained from cell suspension cultures of Cinchona ledger Lana and Digitalis lanata?
91. Which enzyme is Taq polymerase?
92. Which plant hormone is contained in the coconut milk?
93. Which resistance genes are carried by the plasmids pSC 101 pBR 322?
94. Who and when grew a whole carrot plat from a tiny piece of phloem?
95. Who and when said that the plant cells are totipotent?
96. Why transgenic animals are cloned?

Long Questions

1. Write a note on tissue culture and cloning.
2. Write a note on tissue culture technique?

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