1st Year English Lesson 8 The Gulistan of Sadi Notes MCQs Short Questions

english 11th notes chapter 8

1. He knew not the safety from the misfortune until he has tasted it. Here the word misfortune means

 
 
 
 

2. I see no refuge besides God Almighty. Here the word refuge means

 
 
 
 

3. A king fell seriously ill. Here the word seriously means

 
 
 
 

4. Who offered to quieten the slave?

 
 
 
 

5. The slave was thrown in:

 
 
 
 

6. The foundation of oppression was small in the world. Here the word oppression means

 
 
 
 

7. For what was Nushirvan famous?

 
 
 
 

8. What was the reaction of the king when the slave began screaming? He was

 
 
 
 

9. The boy saved his life by praying to:

 
 
 
 

10. Who was Nushirvan?

 
 
 
 

11. The slave had never experienced any calamity. Here the word calamity means

 
 
 
 

12. English scholars used Sadi’s parables in their :

 
 
 
 

13. The king was famous for his:

 
 
 
 

14. Whoever enlarged it until it reached the present magnitude is at fault. Here the word magnitude means

 
 
 
 

15. which language was ‘The Gulistan of Saadi’ originally written?

 
 
 
 

16. What harm could arise from such a trifling demand? .Here the word trifling means

 
 
 
 

17. Which book of Sadi is considered the bible of the world?

 
 
 
 

18. A king fell seriously ill and all hopes of his recovery vanished. Here the word vanished means

 
 
 
 

19. What had the slave not already experienced?

 
 
 
 

20. To what did the slave cling?

 
 
 
 

21. How did the people try to pacify the slave?

 
 
 
 

22. When the uneasiness lasted longer, displeased. Here the word uneasiness means

 
 
 
 

23. What was the effect of screaming on the other passengers? They were

 
 
 
 

24. What did they do when the slave was about to drown?

 
 
 
 

25. Who was Nushirvan?

 
 
 
 

26. What was not found while a deer was roasted for Nushirvan?

 
 
 
 

27. She speaks to all nations and perpetually modern. Here the word perpetually means

 
 
 
 

28. What hit the boat?

 
 
 
 

29. Whoever enlarged it until it reached the present magnitude is at fault. Here the word enlarged means

 
 
 
 

30. What was the reaction of the slave when a storm hit the boa? He

 
 
 
 

31. who called ‘The Gulistan of Saadi”a literary curry’?

 
 
 
 

32. What did the slave do when he was pulled back from the sea? He

 
 
 
 

33. what did the English scholars use In their divine books?

 
 
 
 

34. The slave was travelling in a:

 
 
 
 

35. The foundation of oppression was ________ in the world.

 
 
 
 

36. Sheikh Sadi was a great:

 
 
 
 

37. To whom shall I complaint against your brutality? .Here the word brutality means

 
 
 
 

38. Why was the slave quiet after he was pulled back into the boat? Because he

 
 
 
 

39. What was being roasted for Nushirvan?

 
 
 
 

40. He clung the stern with both his hands. Here the word clung means

 
 
 
 

41. What did the sergeant do with the salve? He ordered the slave to be

 
 
 
 

42. Qazi issue the decree to shed the blood of the boy. Here the word decree means

 
 
 
 

43. With whom was a Persian slave sailing in the same boat?

 
 
 
 

44. What was roasted for the king?

 
 
 
 

45. The slave created inconvenience for the passengers. Here the word inconvenience means

 
 
 
 

Short Questions

1. What was the remedy suggested for  by the physicians for the disease of the king?
2. Why did the boy look to the sky and smiled?
3. What did the Qazi do?
4. Why did the king weep?
5. How did the king recover?
6. Why was Naushirvan famous for?
7. What was the view of Emerson about the writings of Sheilkh Sadi?
8. What terms Edwin Arnold described Gulistan of Sadi?
9. How did the English writers use Gulistan in their writings?
10. What was the origin of Gulistan and in how many languages was it translated?
11. By a reading of the three tales what learn about the role of a king?
12. Who were sailing in the boat?
13. What happened to the boat?
14. Why did the slave create an inconvenience for others?
15. What was the effect of the kind attitude of the passenger with the slave?
16. What was the condition of the slave when he was pulled up back to the boat?
17. How did the sergeant justify his act?
18. Who was Nushervan?
19. Why was the boy sent to the village?
20. What was the advice given by Naushirvan to his people 

Long Questions

“1. Translate the following passage into Urdu. (Short Stories Book-I)

A king fell seriously ill and all hopes of his recovery vanished. The more the disease was cured the more it became painful. At last, the physicians agreed that this disease could not be cured except by means of bile of a person endued with certain qualities. Orders were issued to search for an individual of this kind. A son of a farmer was discovered to possess the qualities mentioned by the doctors. The king summoned the father and mother of the boy, whose consent he got by giving them a huge amount of wealth. The Qazi issued a decree to shed the blood of a person for the health of the king. The boy was brought to the altar and the executioner was directed to slaughter the boy. When all was ready, the boy looked toward the sky and smiled. “
“2. Translate the following passage into Urdu. (Short Stories Book-I)

“If they fail, they are expected to bring the case before the Qazi to seek justice. But in the present case, the parents have agreed to get my blood shed for the trash of this world. The Qazi has issued a decree to kill me. The king thinks he will recover his health only through my slaying and I see no other refuge besides God Almighty. To whom shall I complain against your brutality, if I am to seek justice from your hand?””
“3. Translate the following passage into Urdu. (Short Stories Book-I)

“The foundation of oppression was small in the world”, said the king.
“Whoever enlarged it, so that it reached its present magnitude, is at fault. If the king eats one apple from the garden of a subject, his slaves will pull down the whole tree. For five eggs, which the king allows to be taken by force, the people belonging to his army will put a thousand fowls on the spit.” A tyrant does not remain in the world, But the curse on him abides for ever!”
“4. Translate the following passage into Urdu. (Short Stories Book-I)

But in the present case, the parents have agreed to get my blood shed for the trash of this world. The Qazi has issued a decree to kill me. The king thinks he will recover his health only through my slaying and I see no other refuge besides God Almighty. To whom shall I complain against your brutality, if I am to seek justice from your hand?””
“5. Translate the following passage into Urdu. (Short Stories Book-I)

A son of a farmer was discovered to possess the qualities mentioned by the doctors. The king summoned the father and mother of the boy, whose consent he got by giving them a huge amount of wealth. The Qazi issued a decree to shed the blood of a person for the health of the king. The boy was brought to the altar and the executioner was directed to slaughter the boy. When all was ready, the boy looked toward the sky and smiled.”
“6. Translate the following passage into Urdu. (Short Stories Book-I)

“It will be a great favour,” the king said. The sergeant ordered the slave to be thrown into the water, so that he could have experienced the true danger of life. Two persons threw him in the sea and when he was about to be drowned they pulled him back to the boat, and he clung the stern with both of his hands. Then he sat down and remained quiet. This appeared strange to the king, who could not comprehend the wisdom in the action taken by the sergeant, and he asked for it. The sergeant replied: “Before he had experienced the danger of being drowned, he knew not about the safety of the boat. A man does not realize the worth of safety from the misfortune until he has tasted it.””
“7. Translate the following passage into Urdu. (Short Stories Book-I)

Once a king and a Persian slave were sailing in the same boat. The slave had never been at sea, and never experienced any calamity. After some-time the boat was hit by a storm and started tossing. It was very inconvenient for the passengers. All remained quiet except the slave who in fear of being drowned began to cry and tremble, and created inconvenience for the others. The others tried to pacify him by kindness and affection but he didn’t hear anybody. When the uneasiness lasted longer the king also became displeased. In that boat there happened to be a sergeant, who said, “With your permission, may I quieten him.””

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