1st Year Computer Science Chapter 1 – Basics of Information Technology Notes MCQs

computer 11th notes Chapter 1

1. The keyboard format that is most commonly used is the:

 
 
 
 

2. Which of the following is the first phase of SDLC?

 
 
 
 

3. Hardware is the best describe as ?

 
 
 
 

4.  1KB=

 
 
 
 

5. CPU is also referred to as 

 
 
 
 

6. Additional data and programming not being used by CPU are stored in ?

 
 
 
 

7. ____ input devices is used for playing computer games 

 
 
 
 

8. is not an internal part of computer 

 
 
 
 

9. The errors are detected and removed from the software in phase 

 
 
 
 

10. XGA card supports 

 
 
 
 

11. The processed data is called 

 
 
 
 

12. Another name of main memory is 

 
 
 
 

13. pointing devices has a vertical handle like a gearshift lever 

 
 
 
 

14. Which of the following is used to get voice output?

 
 
 
 

15. Collection of raw facts and figures is called

 
 
 
 

16. The bar code is also known as

 
 
 
 

17.   _______ phase of SDLC comes after analysis phase?

 
 
 
 

18. The devices used to enter data or instruction in a computer includes:

 
 
 
 

19. printers is an example of line printer?

 
 
 
 

20. The computing and communication technologies are combined together for ?

 
 
 
 

21. stores data and program temporarily 

 
 
 
 

22. The video graphic card inside the computer is used for the output device 

 
 
 
 

23.  _______  print head of dot matrix printer provides best quality printout 

 
 
 
 

24.    _______ executes the instructions of program 

 
 
 
 

25. is the characteristic(s) of display screen 

 
 
 
 

26. A computer main function is ?

 
 
 
 

27. input devices is not a pointing device 

 
 
 
 

28. 8 bytes is equal to 

 
 
 
 

29. is not secondary storage device 

 
 
 
 

30. An input device, which is used for playing computer games

 
 
 
 

31. is a light sensitive stylus device 

 
 
 
 

32. is an example of packaged software 

 
 
 
 

33. A device used for optical character recognition is a 

 
 
 
 

34. Computer is combination of ?

 
 
 
 

35. What is difference between hardware and software ?

 
 
 
 

36. Step by step instruction that run computer are called ?

 
 
 
 

37. A graphics tablet is commonly activated by:

 
 
 
 

38. output devices is used to print continuous output such as to track an earthquake reading 

 
 
 
 

39. tools/methods is not used in data gathering step of system analysis 

 
 
 
 

40. Caps Lock key is a 

 
 
 
 

41. Which of the following device is used to get soft copy output?

 
 
 
 

42. The printing speed of line printer is up to 

 
 
 
 

43. Which type of flat-panel computer screen provides the highest-quality image?

 
 
 
 

44. is secondary storage device 

 
 
 
 

45. CPU is example of ?

 
 
 
 

46. device is used to get the softcopy output 

 
 
 
 

47.   _______   is not related to softcopy output 

 
 
 
 

48. keys is used to change lowercase letters mode to uppercase and vice versa 

 
 
 
 

49. Which is a correct association between hardware device and action?

 
 
 
 

50. The word size of personal computers is 

 
 
 
 

51. Software that is developed specifically for the company’s own use is called:

 
 
 
 

52. The physical parts of a computer is called 

 
 
 
 

53.  _______  is not related to preliminary investigation 

 
 
 
 

54. CPU is an example of 

 
 
 
 

55. is not an application software 

 
 
 
 

56. Smallest unit of memory is called 

 
 
 
 

57. A program or set of programs that is specially designed to control the computer system is called 

 
 
 
 

58. The computing and communication technologies are combined together for 

 
 
 
 

59. CPU stands for 

 
 
 
 

60. Bit stands for 

 
 
 
 

61. The output printed on the paper is called 

 
 
 
 

62. A cathode-ray tube has a:

 
 
 
 

63. The printing speed of laser printer for microcomputer is about 

 
 
 
 

64. The barcode is called 

 
 
 
 

65. Printers and monitors are examples of 

 
 
 
 

66. For the input of image data 

 
 
 
 

67. What is the difference between hardware and software?

 
 
 
 

68. A pixel might be displayed as:

 
 
 
 

69. A collection of raw facts and figure is called ?

 
 
 
 

70. A type of reader commonly used to read UPC is called:

 
 
 
 

71.  _______   is not an example of input device 

 
 
 
 

72. The data and program are stored permanently on the 

 
 
 
 

73. Data processing is also known ?

 
 
 
 

74. Which is a correct association between hardware device and component type?

 
 
 
 

75. Which of the Impact printer is slower than dot matrix but better in quality?

 
 
 
 

76. CPU stand for ?

 
 
 
 

77. is a video input device 

 
 
 
 

78. Data and instructions given to the computer are called 

 
 
 
 

79. _______  is not a marks and characters recognition device 

 
 
 
 

80. Which of the following is not an inter connector?

 
 
 
 

81. The electronic circuit is that excuetes computer instruction is called ?

 
 
 
 

82. Softcopy refers to 

 
 
 
 

83. An electronic device that accepts, processes data and produces information is called 

 
 
 
 

84. CPU is an example of a 

 
 
 
 

85. Multimedia can include the use of?

 
 
 
 

86. The computing and communication technologies are combined together for:

 
 
 
 

87. 1 MB=

 
 
 
 

88. Which of the following is not a pointing device?

 
 
 
 

89. CPU stands for:

 
 
 
 

90. How many categories a software is classified?

 
 
 
 

91.  _______  device is used to read characters, which are printed with magnetized link 

 
 
 
 

92. The output can be:

 
 
 
 

93. The lowest resolution for color graphics display is:

 
 
 
 

94. An inkjet printer is an example of a(n) 

 
 
 
 

95. Which of the following is used to print large maps and drawing?

 
 
 
 

96.  _______   device is used to check and process the test marks of students 

 
 
 
 

97. A person responsible for the analysis of the system is known as 

 
 
 
 

98. The piece of hardware that permanently holds data and program is called ?

 
 
 
 

99. Arrow keys are also know as 

 
 
 
 

100. ____ is a photoelectric scanner that translates the barcode symbols into digital code 

 
 
 
 

101. The name for the screen clarity 

 
 
 
 

102. pointing devices uses the sensors to detect the touch of a finger 

 
 
 
 

103. A gigabyte is equal to:

 
 
 
 

104. _______   key is used to delete a character to the left of the cursor 

 
 
 
 

105. A program, which is specially designed to solve the specific problems of user is called 

 
 
 
 

106. The speed of laser printers is measured in

 
 
 
 

107. The microphone converts the sound into

 
 
 
 

108. Smallest unit of memory is

 
 
 
 

109. pointing device is a stationary device with a moveable ball on its top 

 
 
 
 

110. Printers and monitors are common forms of ?

 
 
 
 

111. Which of the following is used for personal identification?

 
 
 
 

112. Which printer uses a heat sensitive waxy paper?

 
 
 
 

113. Which task of investigation is related to limitations of the system?

 
 
 
 

114. SIM is an example of

 
 
 
 

115. Pixel is short for 

 
 
 
 

116. _______  methods is used in data gathering step to collect information from a part of people instead of many people of an organization 

 
 
 
 

117. 1GB =

 
 
 
 

118. A standard keyboard used in personal computer has 

 
 
 
 

119. An example of a pointing device used with portable computers is:

 
 
 
 

120. The modern revolution in information technology can be turned as ?

 
 
 
 

121.  _______  printer is slower than dot matrix printer but better in quality 

 
 
 
 

122. The device driver is an example of 

 
 
 
 

123. A tiny handle in the middle of the keyboard is called

 
 
 
 

124. Which of the following is an input data ?

 
 
 
 

125. Computer is a combination of 

 
 
 
 

126. Which Key is used to insert new line in any text editor?

 
 
 
 

127. Imaging uses what device to input data 

 
 
 
 

128. The piece of hardware that temprarily holds data and program is called ?

 
 
 
 

129. is an audio input device 

 
 
 
 

130. is input device 

 
 
 
 

131.  _______ is not an output device 

 
 
 
 

132. Multimedia can include the use of ?

 
 
 
 

133. MS project, PERT Charts etc may be used for 

 
 
 
 

134. Devices used to enter data or information into computer includes ?

 
 
 
 

135. The monitor having VGA card has resolution 

 
 
 
 

136. the most familiar input device for computers is:

 
 
 
 

137. The printer which can print one complete line at a time is

 
 
 
 

138. Which type of printer operates most like a photocopy machine?

 
 
 
 

139. In ____ ____ phases of SDLC, the system is installed for use to solve the problem 

 
 
 
 

140. Data processing is also called 

 
 
 
 

141. is secondary storage device 

 
 
 
 

142. The vertical zebra stripped lines on manufactured products are called 

 
 
 
 

143. Application software is available in many forms except:

 
 
 
 

144. Another word for pointer  

 
 
 
 

145. Which of the following is the secondary storage device?

 
 
 
 

146. _______  is not an example of packaged software 

 
 
 
 

147. Which of the following is not a secondary storage device ?

 
 
 
 

148. Which technique is not used in data gathering?

 
 
 
 

149. The frame rate is a factor in which of the following outputs?

 
 
 
 

150. Which software is used to solve every day personal or business tasks? 

 
 
 
 

151. 1TB=

 
 
 
 

152. 1/2GB=

 
 
 
 

153. _______  is not a hardware component 

 
 
 
 

154.  _______ printers works like a photocopying machine 

 
 
 
 

155. Double word is equal to 

 
 
 
 

156. How many types of graphic cards?

 
 
 
 

157. A collection of raw facts and figure is called:

 
 
 
 

158. Which of the following is an impact printer?

 
 
 
 

159. A set of instructions in a computer is 

 
 
 
 

160. input devices is not a pointing device 

 
 
 
 

161. The printer which can print one character at a time is 

 
 
 
 

162. ___-key is used to insert new line or paragraph into any text editor 

 
 
 
 

163. is largest unit of data storage 

 
 
 
 

164. An example of smart card 

 
 
 
 

165. —is category software 

 
 
 
 

166. is an example of system software 

 
 
 
 

167. How many bits are in one bytes? 

 
 
 
 

168. Additional data and programs not being used by CPU are stored in

 
 
 
 

169. Data processing is also known as:

 
 
 
 

170. is an impact printer 

 
 
 
 

171. is an output device 

 
 
 
 

172.  _______ is a non-impact printer 

 
 
 
 

173. System is implemented in parts is known as 

 
 
 
 

174. An inkjet printer is an example of a(n) 

 
 
 
 

175. keys is used to cancel the current operation 

 
 
 
 

176. In ____ ____ phases of SDLC, the system is installed for use to solve the problem 

 
 
 
 

177. XGA supports the resolution up to:

 
 
 
 

178. DPI stands for 

 
 
 
 

179. Which device is used to read characters which are printed with magnetic ink?

 
 
 
 

Short Questions

1. Convert 3 TB into Bits (without calculator).
2. Define and explain IT.
3. Define in information technology?
4. Define SDLC, draw diagram and explain Initial TWO stages in detail.
5. Define the term hardware?
6. Describe Coding Stage of SDLC
7. Describe Digitizing / Graphic Tablet.
8. Describe Hardware Devices.
9. Describe Imaging System.
10. Describe Input, Output & I/O Devices.
11. Describe Keyboard.
12. Describe Light Pen.
13. Describe Magnetic Strip Cards.
14. Describe Pen Based Systems.
15. Describe Pointing Devices.
16. Describe Pointing Stick.
17. Describe Smart Cards.
18. Describe Software Classification.
19. Describe the stages of SDLC?
20. Describe three types of Flat-Pannel Displays.
21. Differentiate between data and information?
22. Differentiate between Hardcopy and Softcopy.
23. Differentiate between Hardware & Software.
24. Draw Computing Environment Diagram.
25. Draw SDLC Diagram.
26. Explain Bit, Byte and Word.
27. Explain Coding Phase of SDLC.
28. Explain Computer Word with reference to various Computer Era.
29. Explain CRT and its working with the help of a diagram.
30. Explain Data Gathering.
31. Explain Design Phase of SDLC.
32. Explain Design, Coding and Testing stages of SDLC in detail.
33. Explain Display Screen, its size, color and resolution.
34. Explain Fax Machine.
35. Explain Flat-Pannel Displays.
36. Explain Global Village.
37. Explain Impact Printers.
38. Explain Implementation Phase of SDLC.
39. Explain Maintenance Phase of SDLC.
40. Explain Non-Impact Printers.
41. Explain OCR.
42. Explain Plotters.
43. Explain Pointing devices.
44. Explain Preliminary Investigation.
45. Explain Printers of all types.
46. Explain Scanning devices.
47. Explain SVGA.
48. Explain Testing Phase of SDLC.
49. Explain Touch Pad.
50. Explain Touch Screen.
51. Explain VGA.
52. How is hardware different from software?
53. How is printer resolutions measured?
54. How many bits are there in an MB ? Justify.
55. How Mouse works?
56. How Track Ball works?
57. How will you elaborate your Preliminary Plan in SDLC ?
58. How would you carry out Needs Analysis of a user ?
59. List out the different components of SDLC?
60. Source Data Entry Devices.
61. State the purpose of ATM?
62. What are Audio / Video Input Devices.
63. What are different types of printers?
64. What are non-impact printers?
65. What do you mean by QWERTY?
66. What is a plotter?
67. What is application software?
68. What is Bar-Code Reader.
69. What is biometrics input?
70. What is computer animation?
71. What is computer?
72. What is CRT Diagram and Functioning.
73. What is data processing?
74. What is data?
75. What is digital camera?
76. What is display screen? Type any two types of display screens?
77. What is meant by input devices?
78. What is MICR ?
79. What is OMR ?
80. What is operating system?
81. What is system software?
82. What is the significance of Questionairs in SDLC ?
83. What is touch pad or track pad?
84. Write the name of all output devices?

Long Questions

 

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