1st Year Biology Chapter 9 Kingdom Plantae MCQs Short Questions Notes

biology 11th notes Chapter 9

1. Which the followings is the floral character of family Mimosaceae?


2. The fruit of family Fabaceae is a:


3. Tracheophytes:


4. Wings are involved in pollination in case of:


5. Unequal growth takes place during which stage during evolution of seed?


6. The branches of which tree are used as walking sticks:


7. The gametophyte of Lycopsida is mainly:


8. The evolution of seed occurred about 365 million years ago during late:


9. Which of the following is not a character of monocots:


10. Male Gametophyte is:


11. Vegetable oil is obtained from:


12. The class hepaticae includes about:


13. Rootless sporophyte:


14. Which of the following are the anterior most petals?


15. Which of the following is an ornamental plant?


16. Mosses belongs to:


17. The grasses are:


18. Sugar is obtained form:


19. How many species of Angiosperms are present?


20. The biological name of rice is:


21. Clitoria ternatea belongs to the family:


22. Which of the following trees is used for making tobacco pipes?


23. The floral characteristic not found in family Solanaceae:


24. Which of the following are called vascular plants because of the presence of vascular tissue?


25. The vascular bundles in a monocot stem are:


26. First complete seeds appeared about how many million years ago?


27. The number of species of plants is:


28. The unequal growth during evolution of megaphylls is called:


29. The sexual reproduction is said to be oogamous or heterogamous if the two fusing gametes are:


30. Which of the following inflorescence is not present in family Caesalpiniaceae?


31. Gum is obtained form:


32. In this case,


33. Which were the first land plants that formed the true leaves and roots?


34. Rhizome is:


35. Hemlock:


36. Which of the followings is not a bryophyte?


37. Marchantia is an example of:


38. The perianth of the family Poaceae is called:


39. The endosperm forms:


40. Which of the following is not the floral character of the family Fabaceae?


41. Family Rosaceae has how many genera in Pakistan?


42. The bryophytes are also called amphibious plants because:


43. Vitamin C is present in the fruit of:


44. The male sex organs of bryphytes are called:


45. Family poaceae has a characteristic inflorescence called:


46. Which is an integumented indehiscent megasporangium?


47. Which of the following are also called arthrophytes?


48. Which is considered to be the earliest group of vascular plants?


49. Which of the followings plants is the “kikar”:


50. Which of the following are not the characteristics of the leaves of family Rosaceae?


51. The botanical name of egg plants is:


52. Circinate venation is present in:


53. The term Angiosperm literally means:


54. Anthocerotae are slightly advanced than the Musci and Hepaticeae due to:


55. Which of the following is a class?


56. The number of petals in monoeots is:


57. Which of the following group of plants have microphylls?


58. The female gametophyte of angiosperms are composed of:


59. Which of the following plants are rootless?


60. Megaspores are retained within the megasporangimn, so that:


61. The biological name of amaltas is:


62. The unfertilized egg is called:


63. The thin walled cells in the edge of the capsule of adiantum are:


64. Number of corolla in family Caesalpiniaceae are:


65. The sporangia of class Filicineae is called foliar sporangia because:


66. Meiosis in Adiantum takes place during:


67. Which of the following is the characteristic of the flower of the Rosaceae?


68. The gymnosperms produce seeds, but no fruitsthats why called as:


69. The spiklets are arranged on slender axis called:


70. Which of the following plants is “touch me not”?


71. Family Rosaceae has about how many species?


72. A monoecious plant is the one in which:


73. How many species of plants are known?


74. The pattern of development in a young, immature frond is called:


75. Cicer arietinum is:


76. Which of the following is called maiden hair fern?


77. All seeds producing plants are called:


78. Match seed with one of the following:


79. Hepaticeae:


80. The biological name of oat is:


81. Which of the following fruits does not belong to family Rosaceae?


82. Funaria is an example of:


83. The placentation in family Mimosaceae is:


84. Which of the following is called whisk fern?


85. like structure called:


86. The leaves of which of following plants are used for curing ring worms?


87. Hornwort:


88. The evolution of seed occurs in:


89. Which of the following is not the placentation of the family Rosaceae?


90. Which is the phenomenon of production of two types of spores?


91. Capsicum frutescence belongs to the family:


92. Antherozoids:


93. Which of the following plant is called amphibious plant?


94. Which of the followings is the characteristic of the sporophyte of bryophytes?


95. Albizzia lebbek is a member of the family:


96. Which of the following is the inflorescence of family Mimosaceae?


97. The leaves of which plant are use to cure ring worm and skin diseases.


98. The number of species of family fabaceae are:


99. Heterosporous condition is necessary for the evolution of seed because:


100. Which of the following structure is not present in Gymnosperm?


101. The heteromorphic alternation of generation are those in which:


102. Carpel:


103. Match megasporangium with one of the following:


104. Which of the following is a female reproductive organ?


105. Double fertilization is the characteristic feature of:


106. The number of species of family Rosaceae is:


107. The number of genera of the family Gramineae is:


108. Family Fabaceae has about genera in Pakistan.


109. Which of the followings is not the character of the bryophytes?


110. Which of the following is an ornamental plant?


111. Rhizome is present in:


112. Which of the following divisions of Tracheophyta is called Whisk ferns:


113. Capsicum frutenscens is a:


114. Seeds:


115. The seed of plant used as “ratti”:


116. Which of the following are true ferns?


117. Reduction to a single functional megaspore per sporangium takes place so that:


118. Which of the following plants do not belong to family Rosaceae?


119. The sporophylls are:


120. In Adiantum, the rhizome is covered by brownish scales called:


121. The fruit if family poaceae is a:


122. The biological name of Kachnar is:


123. like structures present on spikelet are called:


124. The vascular plants are:


125. The number of species of Caesalpiniaceae present in Pakistan is:


126. The dye “katha” is obtained from:


127. Hornworts are placed in the class:


128. Which of the followings is a fodder crop?


129. The leaves of class Filicinae are called


130. Which of the following are highly evolved of all the plants on earth?


131. Oosphere is formed in the:


132. Which of following plants is a weed?


133. Which of the followings is used in tanning?


134. Sorus in Adiantum is a:


135. Which of the following is the characteristic of the flower of family Poaceae?


136. Fronds are present in:


137. Cooksonia:


138. The plants which produce seeds are called:


139. Ropes are formed form:


140. The phylogenetic system of classification is a system in which the organism are classified on the basis of:


141. Seed may be defined as:


142. Ovary is obliquely placed in which of the following families?


143. The sex organs in a moss plant are mixed with sterile hairs called:


144. The total number of species of Mimosaceae is:


145. Meristematic tissues are present in:


146. Match male gametophytes with one of the followings:


147. Which of the followings is not the adaptation of bryophytes on land?


148. Which of the following is called horse tail?


149. Thallus body is present in which of the following?


150. Ligules are present in:


151. Pteropsida is divided into how many classes?


152. Placentation in family Solanaceae is:


153. Which of the following is not the characteristic of the plants?


154. Sphenopsida or horsetails are also called:


155. Protonema stage is produced in:


156. It is believed that the alternation of generation increase the chance of survival by producing variation in:


157. Bryophytes are generally thought to have evolved from:


158. Gametophyte in bryophytes is:


159. Which of the following characteristics is not of the monocot?


160. Whisk ferns belong to the group:


161. Number of calyx in family Caesalpiniaceae is:


162. The leaves of plants used as blood purifier:


163. It belongs to family caesalpinaceae:


164. Which of the following plants is rich in atropine?


165. Ligules are present in the leaves of:


166. Which stage of the followings is haploid in bryophytes?


167. Kingdom plantae mainly includes:


168. Number of petals in family Rosaceae are:


169. Legume is the characteristic of fruit in the family:


170. The bracts which cover the spikelets are called:


171. Which of the following structures is absent in gymnosperms?


172. Which of the following is a diploid?


173. Female gametophyte is:


174. Which of the following plants are also called arthrophytes?


175. Which of the following characteristics is absent in tracheophytes?


176. Which of the following are called club mosses?


177. The evolution of leaf took place in some primitive fern ilke plants approximately:


178. Which of the followings is not the characteristic of gametophyte of bryophytes?


Short Questions

1. Account for the fact that megaspores are large and microspores are small?
2. Are all the seed plants also known as the flowering plants?
3. Define a spike?
4. Define Bryophytes?
5. Define cercinate vernation.
6. Define didynamous condition?
7. Define double fertilization.
8. Define ovule and embryo sac.
9. Describe adaptation of bryophytes to land habitat.
10. Differentiate between antheridiophores and archegoniophores?
11. Differentiate between bryophytes and tracheophytes.
12. Differentiate between homospory and heterospory?
13. Differentiate between microgametophyte and megagametophyte.
14. Differentiate between microphycells and megaphylls?
15. Differentiate between microphyll and megaphyll.
16. Differentiate between ovule and seed.
17. Give common name of adiantum.
18. Give examples of mosses?
19. Give four examples of psilopsida, two of living and two of extinct genera?
20. Give some characters for adaptation to land or terrestrial environment?
21. How are ferns better adapted to life on land than liverworts and mosses?
22. How does fertilization occur in bryophytes?
23. How fertilization and zygote formation occurs in Hepaticopsida?
24. How many types of sporangia are found in Lycopsids?
25. How materials transport in bryophytes?
26. How sporophyte of Anthoceropsida (hornworts) differ from those of Hepaticopsida (liverworts) and Bryosida (mosses)?
27. Name a heaterosporus lycopsid?
28. Name of major division of kingdom plantae?
29. Name the classes of pteropsida?
30. What are Amphibious plants of the world?
31. What are characteristics of sporophyte of bryophyte?
32. What are classes of division Bryophyta?
33. What are fronds?
34. What are gymnosperms? Give an example.
35. What are liverworts? Give some examples?
36. What are lodicules ?
37. What are ornamental plants? Give some examples?
38. What are paraphyses ?
39. What are rhizoids?
40. What are the uses of Bambusa?
41. What are vascular tissues?
42. What do you know about the gametes of bryophytes?
43. What do you know about the zygote and embryo of bryophyte?
44. What do you mean by heterogamy?
45. What do you understand from phylogenetic system of classification?
46. What important advances have anglosperms made towards the seed plant life?
47. What is a sours in ferns?
48. What is a thallus i.e., thalloid plant body?
49. What is alternation of heteromorphic generations?
50. What is antherozoid?
51. What is Anthoceros?
52. What is compound leaf?
53. What is indeterminate growth?
54. What is Oospore?
55. What is overtopping?
56. What is perianth?
57. What is planation?
58. What is prothallus?
59. What is protonema ?
60. What is reticulate or net venation?
61. What is rhizome?
62. What is the habitat of mosses or Bryopsida?
63. What is the importance (significance) of alternation of generation?
64. What is webbing?
65. What type of gametophyte is present in Psiloposida?
66. What type of leaves are present in Lycopsids?
67. What type of sex organs are present in bryophytes?
68. What were the first plants to colonize land? From where they have evolved?
69. Where do the ferns grow?
70. Which are the probable ancestors of bryophytes?
71. Why bryophytes are called amphibious plants?
72. Why lycopsids are called club mosses/ spike mosses?
73. Why sphenopsids are called arthrophytes?
74. Why tracheophytes are called vascular plants?
75. Write botanical name of two plants belong to family solanaceae.
76. Write down the names of the parts of typical carpel?
77. Write down two steps involved in evolution of seed.
78. Write two advanced characteristics of anthoceropsida sporophyte.

Long Questions

1. Discuss economic importance of family poaceae
2. What is alternation of generation? Give its significance.
3. Describe the different adaptive characters for terrestrial environment in bryophyte.
4. Give detailed life cycle of adiantum and sketch it
5. Write a note on Lycopsida.
6. Discuss evolution of megaphyll leaf.
7. Describe prothallus of adiantum.
8. Define phylogenetic system of classification?
9. Write the characters of kingdom plantae?
10. Write the haracters of bryophytes?
11. Name the subdivisions of bryophytes and tracheophytes?
12. Why bryophytes are called amphibious plants?
13. Write four adaptations of bryophytes to land habitat?
14. Differentiate between protonema and paraphyses?
15. Differentiate between bryophyte and tracheophyte?
16. Name the living and extinct genera of psilopsida?
17. Differentiate between homospory and heterospory?
18. Differentiate between microphyll and megaphyll?
19. Why sphenopsids are called arthrophytes and horsetails? Give example.
20. What is annulus and stomium?
21. Define ovule, seed, fruit, pollen grain, fronds and integument?
22. Define double fertilization? Give its role.
23. Difterentiate berween monocot and dicot?
24. Differentiate between gymnospermae and angiospernmae?
25. Differentiate between leaf vernation and circinate venation?

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