1st Year Biology Chapter 8 Kingdom Fungi MCQs Short Questions Notes

biology 11th notes Chapter 8

1. Ascospores are formed by meiosis. The number of Ascospores in an ascus is:


2. The haustoria is special structure which:


3. Up to which percentage of world’s fruit is lost each year due to fungal attack:


4. Fungi are different from animals because they:


5. Which of the following fungi causes wood rotting?


6. In 1983, a functional artificial chromosome was made of:


7. The number of species of ascomycota is:


8. All nuclei of the fungi are haploid except:


9. Which is caused by eating bread made from purple ergot — contaminated rye flour?


10. Which of the following fungi is used in breweries?


11. Rhizoids are present in fungi:


12. Which of the following becomes more active in defective immune system like AIDS?


13. Penicillin was the first antibiotics discovered by:


14. Spores are produced inside the reproductive structures called:


15. Bioremediation:


16. Aflatoxins is a:


17. Which of the following is not a fungal disease of plants?


18. The imperfect Fungi are also called:


19. In fungi, asexual reproduction takes place by:


20. Contaminated milk, egg and meat may also have small amount of:


21. Histoplasmosis is a serious infection of:


22. Aflatoxin:


23. Which of the following are pathogenic fungi?


24. The fusion of cytoplasm of fungi is called:


25. The world’s largest organism may be:


26. Neurospora:


27. Which of the following is not a similarity of fungus with plants?


28. Conjugation takes place in:


29. Poisonous mushrooms are called as:


30. Deutromycota is group of fungi in which:


31. Which f the followings are poisonous fungi?


32. In basidoirnycetes, fruiting body is made up of mycelium which is:


33. In mitosis of fungi:


34. Club fungi are:


35. Which is the largest group of fungi, including over 60,000 species?


36. Which of the following is not symptom of Ergotism?


37. Which species are the most common rust fungi?


38. Which of the following fungi is a delicious fungus?


39. An outgrowth in fungi which detaches and forms new hyphae is called:


40. The fusion of nuclei of fungi is called:


41. Which one are the modified hyphae which anchor the fungus to substrate?


42. Puccinia


43. Which function of the fungi do you believe to be most important?


44. Rhizopus belongs to which of the following groups?


45. Heterokaryotic hyphae are those hypae which have:


46. Which of this mushroom is a carnivorous fungus?


47. Which of the following fungi is used to give aroma to cheese?


48. Natural dyes are obtained form fungi:


49. The fungi arthrobotrays are:


50. Which of the following is rust?


51. How many species of mushrooms, morels and truffles are edible?


52. Fungal cell walls contain chitin, which is also found in exoskeleton of:


53. Mycelium consists of long, slender, branched tubular thread like filaments, called as:


54. The blue green colour of pencillium is due to the presence of:


55. The mycelium is composed of:


56. Lovastatin is used:


57. The association in which both organisms get benefits is called:


58. A fungal hypha having two nuclei of different genetic types is called as:


59. A coenocytic hyphae:


60. Fungi store food in form of:


61. Lichens are ecologically very important as:


62. Sexual reproduction is absent in which of the followings?


63. Which of the following is not a difference of fungi from animals?


64. Fungi grow best in habitats which have:


65. Which of the following fungi have haustoria?


66. Which one is mutualistic association between certain fungi and roots of vascular plants?


67. Some strains of Aspergillus flavor produce one of the most carcinogenic mycotoxins called as:


68. Basidium is present in:


69. The lichens which form branching system are called:


70. Ergotine is used to relieve:


71. Ustilago tritici is a:


72. Basidiomycetes are also called as:


73. Rusts belongs to which of the following groups?


74. Naked spores are called:


75. What percentage of all kinds of vascular plants has mycorrhizal mutualistic association with fungi?


76. Which one is obtained from a soil fungus used in organ transplantation?


77. The parasites which can grow on their host as well as by themselves by artificial growth media are called:


78. Most of the visible part of lichen consists of?


79. Which of the following is not present in fungi?


80. Lovastatin is fungal product which lowers the blood.


81. The lichens which are leaf like are called:


82. Which of the followings can act as bioindicators?


83. Penicillin is the first antibiotic, discovered by:


84. Penicillin:


85. Which of the following groups is multinucleate?


86. Sexual reproduction in fungi takes place by:


87. Parasitic fungi absorb nutrients from the cytoplasm of living host with the help of special hyphal tips called:


88. The structures produced inside the sporangia are called:


89. Which of the following is not true for spores produced by fungi?


90. Imperfect fungi show special kind of genetic recombination called as:


91. Fusion of nuclei is called as:


92. The rapid growth of hyphae of fungi takes place due to:


93. Fungi resemble animals because they are:


94. Ascospores are produced in special fruiting bodies called as:


95. Citric acid is obtained from:


96. Penicillium belongs to which of the following groups?


97. Which of the following is fruiting body?


98. Which of the following is a resemblance of fungi with animals?


99. Which of the following is associated with asexual reproduction in fungi?


100. Ascosp ores are:


101. Histoplasmosis is a:


102. Which of the following Lichens is attached with the rock:


103. The mutualistic associationis observed between fungi and algae called:


104. Which of the followings is the special character of fungi, resent only in it?


105. Which of the following drugs is used for lowering the blood pressure?


106. Parasexuality is a phenomenon in which:


107. The fungi which absorb decomposed food are called:


108. Griseofulvin is obtained from fungi and is used to:


109. The body of fungus is called:


110. Penicillium reproduces asexually by means of naked spores called as:


111. The number of ascospores inside each ascus is commonly:


112. Amanita:


113. Fungi resemble plants because they:


114. Which of the following drugs is used to relieve to relieve headache?


115. Which of the following is a major structural component of fungus cell wall?


116. Fungi can absorb the food from substrate because they have:


117. Which of the followings is smut?


118. A mycelium is a group of:


119. Bioindicators are the organisms which:


120. In lichens, fungus protects the algal partner from:


121. The asexual spore in Ascomycetes is:


122. The number of species of fungi are:


123. Which of the following fungi is used for producing Soya paste:


124. Which of the following is true for mushrooms whose gills glow in the dark?


125. Ergotism:


126. Which of the following may be called world’s largest organism?


127. The dikaryotic hyphae is produced only by:


128. Which of the following is an oral or vaginal thrush?


Short Questions

1. Define Absorptive heterotrophs?
2. Define lichens. Give its significance.
3. Define parasexuality?
4. Differentiate between ascus and basidium.
5. Differentiate between conidiophores and coenocytic hypha.
6. Differentiate between fungus like protists and fugi.
7. Differentiate between obligate and facultative parasite.
8. Differentiate between plasmogamy and karyogamy.
9. Differentiate between zygospores,ascospores and basidiospores?
10. Enlist four plant diseases caused by fugi.
11. Give two characteristic of fungi for their land adaptation .
12. How fungi gets its nutrients?
13. How predator fungi obtain their food?
14. How saprotrophic fungi obtain food?
15. How spores of fungi are dispersed?
16. Name any four important fungal diseases of plants?
17. Name any important fungal disease of humans?
18. Name different type of Mycorrhizae. Or differentiate between endomycorrhizae and ectomycorrhize?
19. Name of yeast that growth on shower curtains and other moist surfaces?
20. Name sexual and asexual spores of Ascomycota?
21. Name some fungal disease of plants?
22. Name the major groups of fungi with example?
23. Name the two poisonous mushrooms?
24. Name the type and hyphae and sexual spores in sac fungi.
25. On what basis do you say that fungi are different from all the organisms?
26. To which phyla do the yeasts belong? How they differ from other fungi?
27. What are aflatoxins?
28. What are asci and ascomtcetes and ascocarps ?
29. What are bioindicators?
30. What are carnivorous fugi?
31. What are characteristics of spores?
32. What are conidia and conidiophores?
33. What are conidia and spores?
34. What are differences between fungi and animals?
35. What are different methods of reproduction in fungi?
36. What are different types of fungi on the basis of Nutrition?
37. What are functions of hyphae?
38. What are hyphae?
39. What are lichens?
40. What are lichens? Write abour their ecological role.
41. What are Mutualists?
42. What are Mycorrhizae?
43. What are Saprotrophs (saprobes)? Also give examples of saprotroph fungi?
44. What are some of the economically important genera of Deuteromycetes?
45. What are the basis of classification of fungi?
46. What are the benefits of mycorrhizae?
47. What are the main types of Mycorrhiza?
48. What are the major decomposers of the biosphere?
49. What are the most common rust and smut fungi?
50. What are toad stools? Give example.
51. What are yeasts?
52. What do you know about budding and parasexuality?
53. What do you know parasitic fungi?
54. What do you mean by Bioremediation?
55. What do you mean by Rust?
56. What do you mean by term karyogamy?
57. What is budding?
58. What is habitat of fungi?
59. What is histoplasmosis?
60. What is hypha?
61. What is meant by parasexuality? Give its importance.
62. What is mycelium?
63. What is nucear mitosis?
64. What is par asexuality?
65. What is Penicillium?
66. What is the advantage of having incomplete septa?
67. What is the composition of fungal cell wall and how is this composition advantageous to fungi?
68. What is the difference between dikaryotic and diploid?
69. What is the difference between obligate and facultative parasites?
70. What is the largest group of fungi?
71. What is the number of known species of fungi?
72. What is the role of the fungi and algae in lichens?
73. Why basidiomycota or club fungi are the most familiar fungi?
74. Why is green would more likely to contaminate an orange kept in refrigerator than the bacteria?
75. Why molds can grow on oranges and jelly kept in a refrigerator?
76. Why rust and smut are called so?
77. Why rusts and smuts are called “rusts” and “smuts”?
78. Why yeasts are different from other fungi?
79. Write down two similarities between plans and fungi.
80. Write four important points of algae.

Long Questions

1. Describe land adaptations in Fungi.
2. Explain taxonomic status of fungi.
3. Explain mutualistic nutrition in fungi.
4. Describe asexual reproduction in fungi.
5. Explain various economic gains due to fungi.
6. Write down economic losses due to fungi.
7. Write a note on Ascomycota.
8. What is the similarities and difference between plants and fungi?
9. What is the similarities and difference between animals and fungi?
10. What is nuclear mitosis? In which property fungi differ from all organisms?
11. Define hyphae? Differentiate between septate and aseptate hyphae.
12. Differentiate between obligate and facultative parasites with example?
13. What are the importance of mycorrhizae for plants and fungi?
14. What are lichens? Write its importance.
15. Differentiate between endo and ecto mycorhizae?
16. Differentiate between spores and conidia?
17. How budding different from fragmentation?
18. Differentiate between plasmogamy and karyogamy?
19. What are dikaryotic haphae? Give an example.
20. How sexual reproduction occurs in zygomycota or rhizopus?
21. Write importance and characteristics of yeast?
22. Why basidiomycetes are called club fungi?
23. Differentiate between rust and smut?
24. Define parasexuality?
25. Give characteristics and reproduction in penicilium?
26. Give ecological and economic importance ot turgi?
27. Define bioremediation? What is the role of lichen in ecological succession?
28. What are toad stools why they are called death angel?
29. Name and write functions of any four antibiotics obtained from fungus?
30. What is ringworm? Which fungus causes this disease?
31. what is rhodatrola .where it grows
32. What aflatoxin.
33. Enlist the four plant and animal deceases caused by fungi?

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