1st Year Biology Chapter 14 Transport MCQs Short Questions Notes

biology 11th notes questions bank

1. Which of the pressures is responsible for the process of bleeding?

 
 
 
 

2. Which of the following processes does need energy?

 
 
 
 

3. Lymphocytes are present at:

 
 
 
 

4. Which of the followings is not part of haemocoel in cockroach?

 
 
 
 

5. Which of the following is area of supply of what?

 
 
 
 

6. The membrane of vacuole is named as:

 
 
 
 

7. The exchange of material takes place through:

 
 
 
 

8. The heart of which of the following animals functions as single circuit heart?

 
 
 
 

9. Thalassaemia is an abnormality of:

 
 
 
 

10. Which of the following chambers of the heart of fish has oxygenated blood?

 
 
 
 

11. The diastolic pressure of the heart is:

 
 
 
 

12. Steroid hormones are synthesized from:

 
 
 
 

13. The pH of blood is:

 
 
 
 

14. One complete heartbeat consists of one diastole and one:

 
 
 
 

15. Which of the following layers of heart has intercalated discs?

 
 
 
 

16. Pulse is felt in:

 
 
 
 

17. Match stroke with one of the followings:

 
 
 
 

18. The diameter of capillary can be changed by:

 
 
 
 

19. The impulse of heart starts from:

 
 
 
 

20. Which of the following blood vessels has greater cross sectional area?

 
 
 
 

21. Which of the followings is passive immunity?

 
 
 
 

22. The number of chambers in the heart of the Mammals is:

 
 
 
 

23. Hypertension:

 
 
 
 

24. The cytoplasmic strands which extend through the pores in adjacent cells are:

 
 
 
 

25. Which of the following structures is not cells?

 
 
 
 

26. Starch sugar Hypothesis:

 
 
 
 

27. The average of the sugar movement in the phloem is:

 
 
 
 

28. The protective membrane of human heart is called:

 
 
 
 

29. Which of the followings is not granulocyte?

 
 
 
 

30. A plug of blood is called:

 
 
 
 

31. In which animals of the following mixing of oxygenated and deoxygenated blood does not take place in ventricle?

 
 
 
 

32. The hormone which is involved in the opening and closing of stomata is:

 
 
 
 

33. The valve present at the base of aorta is called:

 
 
 
 

34. The percentage of the plasma protein in the blood is:

 
 
 
 

35. Thalassaemia:

 
 
 
 

36. Most of ions are taken up by the roots by the process of:

 
 
 
 

37. Cyanosis is a condition in which:

 
 
 
 

38. Which of the followings is Atherosclerosis?

 
 
 
 

39. Which of the following proteins acts as catalyst in the process of protein synthesis?

 
 
 
 

40. Presence of Lymphocytes

 
 
 
 

41. Which of the followings is common between lymph vessels and veins?

 
 
 
 

42. The hormone abscisic acid is responsible for:

 
 
 
 

43. The sap in some contains sugar and water in addition to organic and inorganic substances.

 
 
 
 

44. None the above

 
 
 
 

45. The movement of minerals or water through plasomdesmata is called:

 
 
 
 

46. The fibrous chords in the heart are:

 
 
 
 

47. Myelogenous cells:

 
 
 
 

48. Fibrinogin:

 
 
 
 

49. Antiserum is a serum containing:

 
 
 
 

50. The number of chambers in the heart of the birds is:

 
 
 
 

51. The valve present between right atrium and right ventricle is called:

 
 
 
 

52. Which of the following cells is most abundant in the blood?

 
 
 
 

53. Which of the followings is water potential?

 
 
 
 

54. Active transport is selective and is dependent on:

 
 
 
 

55. The number of chambers in the heart of Amphibians is:

 
 
 
 

56. The voice of dub is produced during the contraction of heart when:

 
 
 
 

57. The attraction between the water molecules and cell wall of xylem is called:

 
 
 
 

58. Which of the following not a Granulocyte?

 
 
 
 

59. The heart of which of these functions as a single circuit heart?

 
 
 
 

60. The volume of dry seed may increase up to 200 times by:

 
 
 
 

61. Which of the following is characteristic of the oedema?

 
 
 
 

62. Which of the following is mismatched in the followings about RBC?

 
 
 
 

63. The muscles present inside the ventricle are:

 
 
 
 

64. Which of the followings is involved in humoral immune response?

 
 
 
 

65. Which of the following transpirations is most abundant in plants?

 
 
 
 

66. Which of the followings is the main function of capillaries?

 
 
 
 

67. Which of the following layers is present in the arteries?

 
 
 
 

68. The normal pH of the human blood is:

 
 
 
 

69. In the liver, every cell is in direct contact with:

 
 
 
 

70. Apoplast pathway is the pathway in which martial:

 
 
 
 

71. Pure has maximum water potential.

 
 
 
 

72. Match semi lunar valve with one of the following:

 
 
 
 

73. Which of the followings is irrelevant for the circulatory system of cockroach?

 
 
 
 

74. The movement of minerals or water through extracellular pathway is called:

 
 
 
 

75. Which of the following animals has open circulatory system?

 
 
 
 

76. The evaporation of water from the aerial parts of the plants is called:

 
 
 
 

77. In humans the heart beat lasts for:

 
 
 
 

78. Which of the followings supply blood to liver?

 
 
 
 

79. Casparian strips are present in:

 
 
 
 

80. Which of the following animals has close circulatory system?

 
 
 
 

81. The number of chambers in the heart of the fishes is:

 
 
 
 

82. Symplest pathway is the pathway in which material:

 
 
 
 

83. Match thalassaemia with one of the followings:

 
 
 
 

84. The total water potential is sum of pressure potential and:

 
 
 
 

85. Which of the followings is hypertension?

 
 
 
 

86. Pus is formed from which of the following dead white blood cells?

 
 
 
 

87. Imbibition process:

 
 
 
 

88. Buffer is a substance which maintains the:

 
 
 
 

89. Which of the followings is embolus?

 
 
 
 

90. Which of the following organs filter the lymph?

 
 
 
 

91. Cohesion tension theory:

 
 
 
 

92. The absorption of water by a compound without dissolving in it is called:

 
 
 
 

93. Match microcytes with one of the followings:

 
 
 
 

94. The passive and active uptake of minerals by root cells involve the use of energy in the form of:

 
 
 
 

95. In which of the following blood vessels, pulse is felt?

 
 
 
 

96. The root hair are extensions of cells of roots.

 
 
 
 

97. Interclated discs are present in:

 
 
 
 

98. Pressure flow theory:

 
 
 
 

99. The percentage of inorganic salts and ions in the plasma is:

 
 
 
 

100. The loss of liquid water through hydathodes in plants is called:

 
 
 
 

101. Which of the followings is the characteristic of the lymphatic system?

 
 
 
 

102. The normal pH of human blood is:

 
 
 
 

103. Spleenomegaly:

 
 
 
 

104. Most of the plasma proteins are synthesized in the:

 
 
 
 

105. The cause of Guttation is:

 
 
 
 

106. Heart beat involves how many distinct stages.

 
 
 
 

107. Which of the following transpirations is 90 percent of the total transpiration?

 
 
 
 

108. The movement of blood in veins takes place by the:

 
 
 
 

109. Which of the following chambers of the heart of Amphibians has oxygenated blood?

 
 
 
 

110. Which of the following cells is not present in phloem cells?

 
 
 
 

111. Which of the followings is mismatched for ascent of sap?

 
 
 
 

112. Which of the following blood vessels has oxygenated blood:

 
 
 
 

113. Starch sugar hypothesis was proposed by:

 
 
 
 

114. Leucaemia:

 
 
 
 

115. Which of the following processes is a homeostasis?

 
 
 
 

116. The recording of electrical potential is:

 
 
 
 

117. The loss of liquid through the hydathodes is called:

 
 
 
 

118. Which of the followings is the largest artery?

 
 
 
 

119. Match platelets with one of the followings:

 
 
 
 

120. Which of the followings is not the reason of the extracellular oedema?

 
 
 
 

121. Which of the followings is not an importance of imbibition?

 
 
 
 

122. Cholesterol:

 
 
 
 

123. Which of the following cells is absent in the phloem?

 
 
 
 

124. Which of the following is not relevant to pressure flow theory?

 
 
 
 

125. Which of the followings in not true about the opening and closing’ of stomata?

 
 
 
 

126. The membrane of vacuole is called:

 
 
 
 

127. Which of the following blood vessels has high blood pressure?

 
 
 
 

128. The lymph vessels transfer the lymph into the blood through:

 
 
 
 

129. Which of the following is relevant to Imbibition?

 
 
 
 

130. In Hydra ectodermal cells get food from endodermal cells by:

 
 
 
 

131. Maximum pressure potential is achieved when a cell is placed in:

 
 
 
 

132. Which of the followings is thrombus?

 
 
 
 

133. Which of the following conditions is helpful in the prevention of heart attack?

 
 
 
 

134. Cohesion tension theory was proposed by:

 
 
 
 

135. lymphocytes become mature in:

 
 
 
 

136. Which of the following is area of sink of what?

 
 
 
 

137. Which of the following arteries supply blood to legs?

 
 
 
 

138. The casparian strips are special structures which are present in the endodermis. These are used to:

 
 
 
 

139. Which of the followings is pressure potential?

 
 
 
 

140. Which of the followings brings blood form liver?

 
 
 
 

141. Which of the following nutrient a plant does not need?

 
 
 
 

142. Which of the followings is not relevant to cohesion tension theory?

 
 
 
 

143. The blood of the insects is called haemolymph because:

 
 
 
 

144. The upward movement of sap through the xylem is:

 
 
 
 

145. The heart of man contracts during his life for:

 
 
 
 

146. Cyanosis:

 
 
 
 

147. The close circulatory system is more efficient than the open circulatory system because it shows:

 
 
 
 

148. The forces of attraction between the water molecule and tracheid water are:

 
 
 
 

149. Prothrombin:

 
 
 
 

150. The pulling of one molecule by the other molecule is:

 
 
 
 

151. Which of the following proteins is not present in the plasma of the blood?

 
 
 
 

152. Which of the following functions is not performed by blood vascular system of the cockroach?

 
 
 
 

153. The chemical which maintain the acid base concentration is:

 
 
 
 

154. In which blood vessels of the following the systolic and diastolic pressure is same?

 
 
 
 

155. Which of the followings is involved in cell mediated response?

 
 
 
 

156. Number of hearts in earthworm are:

 
 
 
 

157. The roots of a plant not only the plant in soil, but also absorb minerals and water from the soil.

 
 
 
 

158. The lignin and cellulose provide strength to cell wall of:

 
 
 
 

159. Immunoglobulin:

 
 
 
 

160. Which of the following substances is not present in the plasma of blood?

 
 
 
 

161. Osmoregulation is a mechanism to:

 
 
 
 

162. Match cynosis with one of the followings:

 
 
 
 

163. Which of the followings is not transport in organisms?

 
 
 
 

164. The total kinetic energy of the water molecules is called:

 
 
 
 

165. Excess loss of water from the plant can lead to:

 
 
 
 

166. The passive uptake of minerals in plants involves which process?

 
 
 
 

167. The valve present between left atrium and left ventricle is called:

 
 
 
 

168. The guard cells have special characteristics which help greatly in the opening and closing of stomata. This characteristic is:

 
 
 
 

169. The attraction among the water molecules is:

 
 
 
 

170. The stomata are closed at temperature (in centigrade):

 
 
 
 

171. If a snake bites a person, which of the following things is injected into the

 
 
 
 

172. Which of the following processes is not involved in transport of material within the body of plants:

 
 
 
 

173. The T lymphocytes become mature in:

 
 
 
 

174. Mycorrhizal fungi are present in how many families of flowering plants?

 
 
 
 

175. Match plasma cells with one of the following:

 
 
 
 

176. Which of the followings is not present in the wall of artery?

 
 
 
 

177. There is separation of oxygenated and deoxygenated bloods in birds and mammals because:

 
 
 
 

178. Which of the following compounds destroy the nucleic acid of the invading organism?

 
 
 
 

179. Match leucaemia with one of the followings:

 
 
 
 

180. Eosinophil:

 
 
 
 

181. The amount of plasma in blood is:

 
 
 
 

182. Myocardial Infarction:

 
 
 
 

183. Which of the followings cannot become sink during translocation?

 
 
 
 

184. Organic solutes are transported by:

 
 
 
 

185. Match heart attack with one of the followings:

 
 
 
 

186. Microcytes:

 
 
 
 

187. The ventricle of the crocodiles are completely portioned in but still there is mixing of oxygenated and deoxygenated blood in it, because:

 
 
 
 

188. The renal vein brings the impure blood from:

 
 
 
 

189. Which of the followings is used in active immunity?

 
 
 
 

190. Which of the following elements has role in the opening and closing of stomata:

 
 
 
 

191. Which of the following layers is thin in veins?

 
 
 
 

192. Which of the followings is irrelevant for the heart of amphibians?

 
 
 
 

193. The voice of lubb is produced during the contraction of heats when:

 
 
 
 

194. Pressure flow theory was proposed by:

 
 
 
 

195. Which of the following cells of phloem are dead?

 
 
 
 

196. Erythrocyte:

 
 
 
 

197. The proximal swollen part of the heart of fish is:

 
 
 
 

198. In the embryonic life RBC are formed in liver and:

 
 
 
 

199. The artery which suppies blood to leg is:

 
 
 
 

200. A cubic millimeter blood of male contains RBC:

 
 
 
 

201. Which of the followings is used in passive immunity?

 
 
 
 

202. The condition of high blood pressure is called:

 
 
 
 

203. Which of the following blood vessels is responsible for exchange of material?

 
 
 
 

204. The pressure exerted by protoplast against the cell wall of the plant cells is called:

 
 
 
 

205. Guttation is a process in which:

 
 
 
 

206. Lacteal is a:

 
 
 
 

207. Interstitial is present:

 
 
 
 

208. Oedema:

 
 
 
 

209. Which of the following RBCs destroy the small particles by phagocytosis?

 
 
 
 

210. Most of the uptake of water and minerals from soil takes place through:

 
 
 
 

211. Which of the following is not the importance of transpiration?

 
 
 
 

212. The flow of sap from cut plants is:

 
 
 
 

213. Bolus on new location is called:

 
 
 
 

214. Intestinal coeca are present in:

 
 
 
 

215. Which of the followings is the characteristic of capillaries?

 
 
 
 

216. A white substance called pus is produced at infection sites due to killing of:

 
 
 
 

217. In which of the following blood vessels valves are present?

 
 
 
 

218. The discharge of blood from blood vessels is called:

 
 
 
 

219. The percentage of plasma in the blood is:

 
 
 
 

220. The cardiac muscles are:

 
 
 
 

221. Which of the followings is not the function of blood?

 
 
 
 

222. The solute potential of a cell = —1000 kPa, its pressure potential = 800 kPa, then its water potential will be:

 
 
 
 

223. Which of the following materials is not present in the interstitial fluid?

 
 
 
 

224. The vein which brings back blood from all the body is:

 
 
 
 

225. Which of the followings is the process of osmosis?

 
 
 
 

226. The sites where exchange of materials between blood and body tissues takes place are:

 
 
 
 

227. Which of the followings is active immunity?

 
 
 
 

228. The rate of transpiration is increased when:

 
 
 
 

229. Stroke is a condition in which:

 
 
 
 

230. Hydrostatic pressure in xylem is increased when:

 
 
 
 

231. A planarian does not need a separate system for transportation because:

 
 
 
 

232. Maintaining of the internal condition constant is:

 
 
 
 

233. Which of the following processes does not take place during active transport?

 
 
 
 

234. The pressure flow theory is the most acceptable theory for the transport in the phloem of:

 
 
 
 

235. Which of the following veins has oxygenated blood?

 
 
 
 

236. Select one of the followings for atherosclerosis:

 
 
 
 

237. There is no body cavity in planaria hence, called as:

 
 
 
 

238. Which of the followings is osmotic potential?

 
 
 
 

239. There are two cells A and B
A cell has water potential = —200 kPa
B cell has water potential —300 kPa, then find:

 
 
 
 

240. Lymphocytes:

 
 
 
 

241. Which of the following veins collects blood from the digestive system and supply blood to liver?

 
 
 
 

242. What is caused as a result of uncontrolled production of white blood cells?

 
 
 
 

243. At night when the stomata are almost closed, through what transpiration takes place in plants?

 
 
 
 

244. The average life span of RBC is about:

 
 
 
 

245. Which of the followings is not the effect of oedema?

 
 
 
 

246. About what percent of total water pulled up in the leaves is used by the plants in various activities including photosynthesis?

 
 
 
 

247. The closing and opening of stomata is directly controlled by:

 
 
 
 

248. The movement of water out of the cell by osmosis is called:

 
 
 
 

249. Which of the followings is Leucaemia?

 
 
 
 

250. In which leaves the stomata are present both in upper and lower epidermis?

 
 
 
 

251. The incipient plasmolysis is a point at which:

 
 
 
 

252. The systolic pressure of the heart is:

 
 
 
 

253. The air in motion is called:

 
 
 
 

254. Which of the following substances inhibit the clotting of blood?

 
 
 
 

255. The difference between the heart of earthworm and cockroach is that:

 
 
 
 

256. In which leaves the stomata are confined to only the lower epidermis?

 
 
 
 

Short Questions

1. “There is no specialized transport system in planarian”. Why give two reasons?
2. Dedine osmosis?
3. Define cuticular transpiration?
4. Define facilitated diffusion?
5. Define guttation or exudation.
6. Define imbibition.
7. Define immunity.
8. Define osmotic or solute potential?
9. Define osmotic potential?
10. Define root pressure?
11. Define stomatal transpiration?
12. Define symplast pathway?
13. Define transpiration?
14. Define water potential?
15. Describe CO₂ concentration in artery and venous blood.
16. Differentiate between active and passive immunity.
17. Differentiate between apoplast and symplast pathway.
18. differentiate between endosmosis and exosmosis?
19. Differentiate between isobilateral and dorsiventral leaves?
20. Differentiate between plasmolysis and deplasmolysis.
21. Differentiate between pulmonary and systemic circulation?
22. Differentiate between single and double circuit heart.
23. Differentiate between single circuit and double circuit heart?
24. Differentiate between thrombus and embolus.
25. How does cohesion differ from adhesion?
26. How does the rise of temperature affect the rate of transpiration in plants?
27. How much of the total surface area of the root is provided by the root hairs?
28. How much water is found in human blood plasma?
29. Name of hormones involved in stomatal opening?
30. Name some disorders relating to blood?
31. Name the components of the cell wall which can imbibe water?
32. Name the processes involved in ascent of sap?
33. What are blood vessels?
34. What are blue babies?
35. What are different types of transpiration?
36. What are factors affecting capacity of hemoglobin to combine with oxygen
37. What are inhibitors of root pressure?
38. What are root hairs? Give their functions?
39. What are the controlling factors for K+ influx? Or what controls the movement of K+ into and out of the guard cells?
40. What do you know about active transport?
41. What do you know about bleeding in plants?
42. What do you mean by bulk or mass flow?
43. What factors determine water potential?
44. What is accent of sap?
45. What is an antiserum?
46. What is antivenum serum?
47. What is apoplast pathway?
48. What is bleeding?
49. What is Bursa of Fabricius?
50. What is casparian strip?
51. What is difference between guttation and bleeding?
52. What is guttation?
53. What is haemorrhage?
54. What is honey dew? Give its composition.
55. What is humoral immune response.
56. What is imbibition?
57. What is kPa?
58. What is lacteals?
59. What is lenticels?
60. What is lenticular transpiration?
61. What is osmoregulation?
62. What is pericardial sinus in cockroach?
63. What is pressure flow theory? Who proposed it?
64. What is pressure potential?
65. What is pus?
66. What is single circuit heart? Give an example.
67. What is the condition of high blood pressure in man known as?
68. What is the difference between granulocytes and agranulocytes?
69. What is the difference between stroke and brain haemorrhage?
70. What is thrombus?
71. What is transpiration?
72. What is vacuolar pathway?
73. What pathways are taken during absorption of water and minerals?
74. Where are the old and worn out red blood cells destroyed?
75. Which parts of the root serve to absorb water and salts from the soil?
76. Which two factors determine the water potential in plant cells?
77. Which veins bring blood from the legs?
78. Who proposed “pressure flow theory” and when?
79. Why are hydathodes?
80. Why lymphocyte T and B have been given these names?
81. Why thalassemia is also called Cooley’s anemia?
82. Write down the kinds of agranulocytes?

Long Questions

1. What are lymph nodes? Give their functions.
2. Discuss transpiration as a necessary evil.
3. Give various components and functions of Lymphatic System.
4. Describe the blood plasma in detail
5. Soil water moves and reaches xylem tissues by various pathways, explain.
6. Write a comprehensive note on functions of blood.
7. What is transpiration? Give the factors affecting rate of transpiration.
8. Discuss two main types of immunity.
9. Differentiate between apoplast pathway and symplast pathway?
10. Ditferentiate between cohesion and tension?
11. Diferetiate between Active immunity and passive immunity?
12. Differentiate between Heart attack, hemorrhage and stroke?
13. Differentiate between Thrombus and embolus?
14. Differentiate between Diffusion, Osmosis and Active transport?
15. Differentiate between Source and sink?
16. What is ascent of sap and exhudation?
17. Differentiate between antigens and antibodies?
18. Differentiate between arteriosclerosis and Atheroscierosis?
19. Differentiate between open circulatory system and closed circulatory system?
20. Differentiate between artery and vein?
21. Differentiate between pulmonary and systematic circulation?
22. Define blood pressure? Compare systolic and diastolic pressure?
23. Give location and functioning of bicuspid and tricuspid valve?
24. What are Blue babies?
25. What are companion cells? Give its role.
26. What is lymph node? Give its function.
27. What is cardiocycle? Write its three stages?
28. What is pace maker? Write its function.
29. What is imbibitions? Write its significance for the germinating seed.
30. What is bleeding in plants? Write factors that control bleeding
31. Differentiate between blood and lymph?
32. What is Honey dew? Write its composition.
33. Write any 4 function of blood?
34. What is Thalassaemia and Leucaemia?

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